The early Islamic Caliphate inherited a variety of cultural and scientific traditions, as it incorporated ancient centers of learning and civilization such as Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Iran. In turn, the Abbasid caliphs greatly cultivated the arts and sciences, and Baghdad became a famous intellectual center. Works were translated from Greek and Persian and great advances were made in the study sciences, especially arithmetic, algebra, geometry and trigonometry.

Related Information

  • Route:
    Land
    Language of article:
    English
    Source:

    History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume IV

    Format:
    PDF
    Countries:
    Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Pakistan