The Great Silk Road

The Great Silk Road is a system of caravan routes of ancient times and in the Middle Ages which connected Asia with the Mediterranean and European world. These routes highly influenced the development of trade interactions and cultural ties between the West and the East. The Silk Road served not only as route for exporting goods such as silk, spices, precious metals, minerals handicrafts, architecture and paintings but also transmitted cultural exchange including theatric performance, dance and music art. The Great Silk Road played moreover a major role in dissemination of religions. The Silk Road can thus be considered as an important fundament of human civilization.

Related Information

  • Author(s):
    Dmitry Voyakin
    7th - 15th centuries
    Language of article:
    China, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Türkiye, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

This platform has been developed and maintained with the support of:


UNESCO Headquarters

7 Place de Fontenoy

75007 Paris, France

Social and Human Sciences Sector

Research, Policy and Foresight Section

Silk Roads Programme

Follow us