Persian is an Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan , Tajikistan, and countries which historically came under Persian influence. The Persian language is classified as a continuation of Middle Persian, the official religious and literary language of Sassanid Iran, itself a continuation of Old Persian, the language of the Persian Empire in the Achaemenid era. Persian is a pluricentric language and its grammar is similar to that of many contemporary European languages.

Country profile

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© UNESCO
Capital: Kabul
Region: Asia and the Pacific
Capital: Tehran
Region: Asia and the Pacific
Capital: Dushanbe
Region: Asia and the Pacific

Related Information

  • Themes:
    Arts and Literature
    Route: Land
    Vitality:
    Language family:
    Locations:
    Central province of Iran, Northen regions of Afghanistan, Tajikstan
    Number of speakers:
    110 million