The Camili Biosphere Reserve is surrounded by mountains on three sides, and meets the Georgian border on the fourth side to the north. There are three main valleys with the Biosphere Reserve.

The main ecosystem types in the Camili Biosphere Reserve are boreal coniferous forest and temperate deciduous forest including tree species such as black alder (Alns glutinosa), oriental spruce (Picea orientalis), Caucasus lime tree (Tilia rubra ssp. caucasicus), hazelnut (Corylus avellana) and Sessile oak (Quercus petraea).

The Camili basin is part of the Karçal Mountains Important Plant Area, which is one of the122 Important Plant Areas defined in Turkey.

The basin is the only area where the Caucasus bee race has remained without its purity being damaged. It is one of the three most important bee races in the world.

Camili Biosphere Reserve is on one of the most significant bird migration routes in Black Sea Basin. The area is also within the Eastern Black Sea Mountains Important Bird Area and Karçal Mountains Important Bird Area. Read more about this reserve on the UNESCO Biosphere Reserves website.

© Profile picture: Özlem Özgöbek

Silk Road On the Map

Country profile

Capital: Ankara
Region: Asia and the Pacific, Europe and North America

Related Information

  • Route: Land
    Major activities:
    Camili Biosphere Reserve has a very traditional rural lifestyle. Hazelnut farming, bee and honey production are the main agricultural activities in the Biosphere Reserve. In the recent years ecotourism also is becoming one of the main drivers in the local economy.
    Local contacts:
    Camili GEF II, Proje Müdürlügü, Gündogdu Mah, 08400 Borçka/ARTVIN. Tel.: (90 466) 4151303 Email: Website:
    Site Type:
    Biosphere reserves