This biosphere reserve situated in the north of Iran at the border to Armenia and Azerbaijan belongs to the Caucasus Iranian Highlands. In-between the Caspian, Caucasus and Mediterranean region, the area covers mountains up to 2,200 meters, high alpine meadows, semi-arid steppes, rangelands and forests, rivers and springs.

Arasbaran is the territory of about 23,500 nomads who are mainly living in the buffer and transition zones (2000). Economic activities in the biosphere reserve are mainly agriculture, animal husbandry, horticulture, apiculture, handicrafts and tourism, but business activities can also be found in urbanized areas. Read more about this reserve on the UNESCO Biosphere Reserves website.

© Profile picture: Eliza Tasbihi

Silk Road On the Map

Country profile

Capital: Tehran
Region: Asia and the Pacific

Related Information

  • Route: Land
    Local contacts:
    Department of the Environment, P.O. Box 15875-5181, Tehran, Iran. Tel: (98.21) 826 99 14 Email:
    Site Type:
    Biosphere reserves