The third millennium BC witnessed the growth of urban societies in South and South-West Asia, and the development of trading routes in order to connect these societies.  Routes across sea and land start to be mentioned in Mesopotamian documents from this time, whilst archaeological excavations of the Persian Gulf reveal artefacts that attest to the interaction of South-West Asia with Afghanistan, Iran, and Central Asia. 

Related Information

  • Route:
    Maritime
    Themes:
    Language of article:
    English
    Format:
    PDF
    Countries:
    Afghanistan, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Oman, Pakistan, United Arab Emirates