Traders by land had to contend with the hardships and dangers inherent in crossing the Central Asian macro-region on foot; not least, those of political instability. Different traders acted along different sections of the route, although the Sogdians were among the most important and wide-reaching merchants.  Trading by sea similarly involved docking at a range of ports along the way, and the interaction of merchants from different societies, languages and cultures shaped the communities and cities they passed through. 

Related Information

  • Route:
    Land, Maritime
    Language of article:
    English
    Source:

    Silk and Spice Routes, Cutlures and Civilizations

    Format:
    PDF
    Countries:
    Afghanistan, China, Egypt, Greece, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yemen