The development of astronomy by scientists in the Levant and Iran in the Middle Ages was in fact highly influenced by pre-Islamic Persian and Indian cultures. Ancient Greek astronomical texts were, in turn, a valuable base from which all Central Asian scientists worked. Technological advances made a greater understanding of the universe possible, especially from the ninth century, when the astrolabe and the sextant were developed.   

 

Related Information

  • Route:
    Land
    Language of article:
    English
    Source:

    History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume IV

    Format:
    PDF
    Countries:
    Afghanistan, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Syrian Arab Republic