The International Network of Focal Points for the Silk Roads Programme

In order to ensure the full participation in the project of various partners within Member States, an international network of focal points was established for the UNESCO Silk Roads Programme. Major countries along the historic Silk Roads and beyond have designated focal points to participate actively in, and to follow up on, the project’s activities. These focal points are in charge of:

  • Collecting, analysing and transmitting information and data on Silk Roads heritage and activities in their respective countries to be integrated within the UNESCO Silk Roads online platform.
  • Informing national stakeholders about the activities related to the Silk Roads undertaken by UNESCO and its partners.
  • Encouraging and advising national authorities and stakeholders in initiating, implementing and promoting activities related to the Silk Roads.
  • Exchanging expertise with other members of the network and facilitating cooperation and partnership.
  • Contributing to the promotion of mutual understanding, intercultural dialogue, reconciliation and cooperation among nations and people sharing the Silk Roads shared heritage.


List of the Focal Points for the International Network of the Silk Roads Programme



Mr. Abdul Muqim Afghan

AfghanistanMr. Abdul Muqim Afghan was born in 1987 in Zabul province, Afghanistan. He has completed a B.A degree in political Science, Master in public administration and a post graduate diploma in United Nations and International understandings.

He is currently the general director of planning and policy at the Ministry of Information and Culture, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, as well as a member of Executive board of Afghanistan for UNESCO and ISESCO and Afghanistan Focal Point for the International Network of the Silk Roads Programme. He started his career with Ministry of Information and Culture as the provincial director of Information and Culture in Zabul province in 2012. Prior to working with MOIC he was freelance writer whose articles have been published in several online and print media outlets.



Dr. Shahin Mustafayev

AzerbaijanDr. Shahin Mustafayev was born on February 7, 1962, in Baku, Azerbaijan. He graduated from Baku State University, Department of Oriental Studies. In 1990 he received his PhD degree in History from Moscow State University. He was awarded the UNESCO Hirayama-Silk Road Fellowship which enabled him to study in Oxford the legislation and tax practices in Azerbaijan and Anatolia related to international silk trade in 15th century. In 2005-2006 he was a visiting scholar at Indiana University and researched the history of Anatolia in 11-15th centuries. In 2008-2013 he served as director of the International Institute for Central Asian Studies which enjoyed at that time the status of UNESCO center category 2 and located in Samarkand, Uzbekistan.

Currently he has a post of deputy director of the Institute of Oriental Studies, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. He is an author of 4 books and dozens of articles related to Silk Roads and medieval history of Azerbaijan, Anatolia and Central Asia.



Dr. Lyu (Lu) Zhou

ChinaProfessor Lu Zhou, is director and professor of National Heritage center of Tsinghua University in Beijing. He is also the vice President of ICOMOS-CHINA and president of Architectural History Society of China. He has been working in the field of cultural heritage conservation since 1985, and was a participant of the ICCROM ARC88 training course. In 2003 his project on the conservation and re-use of “Gongziting” (an ancient garden) in Beijing received the UNESCO Asian Pacific Cultural Heritage Conservation Award. After the Wenchuan earthquake in Sichuan Province in 2008, Lyu Zhou with his team undertook the conservation plan and the conservation and restoration project for the damaged historic buildings, listed as World heritage monuments: ER-wang Temple and Fu-Long Temple. The project of Er-wang Temple received the highest award for conservation in China. The project of Fu-Long Temple received the UNESCO Asian Pacific Cultural Heritage Conservation Award. He has participated in many international conservation activities: in 2004, China hosted the 28th World Heritage Committee Session in Suzhou during which he was the cultural heritage advisor to the chair. From 2004-2006 he conducted a feasibility study for the World Heritage Institute of Training and Research for Asia and Pacific Region (WHITRAP).

Since 2009, he is engaged with the revision of the Principles of Conservation of Cultural Heritage in China for (ICOMOS-China) and he is an advisor for the World Heritage site nomination works of Kamakura, Hiraizumi, Mt. Fuji and Mozu-Furuichi Kofungun in Japan. ICCROM general assembly in 2013 offered him ICCROM Award as recognition of his work.



Ms. Doaa Sharaky

EgyptMs. Sharaky has a Bachelor of Arts in English literature from Cairo University. Her higher studies were in the field of English Translation.

Currently, she works as a cultural translation specialist at the Egyptian National Commission for UNESCO, Ministry of Higher Education. She is a member of the culture department, and participates in following up her country's files related to the main cultural domains and conventions of UNESCO such as: natural and cultural heritage, intangible cultural heritage (ICH), cultural diversity, underwater heritage, and nominations for certain international prizes such as the Sharjah Prize.

She also participates in preparing projects for the Participation Programme of UNESCO, and oversees the implementation of such projects aimed at achieving UNESCO goals and enhancing its visibility in the member states. She is a member of the team of translators at UNESCO Center for Publications, issuing specialized periodicals such as "Prospects", "The International Museum", and "International Social Journals" in Arabic.  She has over 100 articles in these periodicals.



Ms. Ekaterine Chikobava

GeorgiaCurrently Ms. Chikobava is working at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia as a counsellor of the Department of International Cultural and Humanitarian Relations. She is also a member of the secretariat of the Georgian National Commission for UNESCO. She takes parts in coordination of the bilateral relations with a number of countries in the sphere of culture, cultural heritage preservation, education elaboration, and implementation of the projects aimed at the popularization of Georgian culture abroad, as well as the coordination of Georgia-UNESCO cooperation.

Ms. Chikobava has a Master’s degree in Public Administration and working experience in translation/interpretation. In 2006-2008, she was the main specialist at the Marketing division and later, International Relations division of the National Tourism Administration of Georgia. She was also involved in organization of the Conference on Strategic Communications in Tourism for Eastern Europe and Central Asia, one of the most successful international projects held in Georgia.



Dr. Shahrokh Raei

GermanyDr. Shahrokh Raei is a lecturer and researcher in Iranian Studies and the studies of Persianate Societies. His research interests in the fields of cultural history and anthropology are mystical brotherhoods and Sufi groups in the Islamic world, Qalandariyya and the related cultural traditions along the Silk Road and also Zoroastrianism.

He studied Ancient Iranian Culture and Old Languages at the University of Tabriz. He received his Ph.D. in 2007 at the institute of Iranian Studies, University of Göttingen. From 2007 to 2015 he worked as a lecturer and research associate at the institute of Iranian Studies, University of Göttingen. He was involved in a research project entitled "The Khāksār Order between Ahl-e Ḥaqq and Shiite Sufi order." In this framework he organised an International symposium and published a proceeding entitled "Islamic Alternatives; Non-Mainstream Religion in Persianate Societies."

From 2016 to 2020 he was a lecturer at the Institute of Oriental Studies, University of Freiburg. Since 2020 he has been a lecturer for Persian and Iranian Studies at the Department of Oriental and Islamic Studies, Ruhr University Bochum.


Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Dr. Hassan Bastani Rad

IranDr. Hassan Bastani Rad - Iranian Focal Point for the UNESCO Silk Roads Programme - is PhD in History of Iran (2008). He was born in Sirjan, Iran (1976). Dr. Bastani Rad has been Assistant Professor since 2009 in Department of History, Faculty of Letters & Human Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University (Tehran, Iran). His specialization and research interests are the history of city and urbanization, and geographical history of the cultures, civilizations and cities along the Silk Road. He has written and published a number of articles and books in Persian language such as City in Iramzamin (2014), Baharestan (Iranian Parliament) in History (2011), Bam (2006).

He is an editor in chief in Iranology series: "What do I know about Iran?" and has edited some books, especially on the Silk Roads and historical geography.



Mr. Susumu Morimoto

JapanMr. Susumu Morimoto was received the Master's degree in archaeology from Kyoto University in 1983. He studied the prehistory at Liege University, Belgium from 1986 to 1988.

From 1988, as a researcher of the Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, he engages the study of the information system for cultural properties and engages international cooperative research work at the Easter Island, Cambodia, Myanmar, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan until now.



Ms. Sumaia Awad

JordanMs. Awad is the head of Research and Documentation at the Heritage Directorate, Ministry of Culture, The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. She received her Bachelor’s degree in Literature and Culture Studies from Hashemite University.

Prior to her current role, she was the Coordinator of the Directorate of International Cooperation, and later the Coordinator of the Cultural Media unit.



Mr. Valeriy Tolmachev

KazakhstanMr. Valeriy Tolmachev has a degree in journalism from Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russia) and is an ENA (France) graduate with a public administration diploma ("Marc Bloch" promotion). From 2002 to 2011 he was in charge of cultural, scientific, education and communication issues at the Permanent Mission of Kazakhstan to UNESCO.

He is currently the Deputy Head of the Science Department of the International Centre for the Rapprochement of Cultures under the auspices of UNESCO (Category 2) in Almaty.



Dr. Aijarkyn Kojobekova


PhD, Associate Professor in Philosophy, Kyrgyzstan National expert of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH), and Focal Point of Kyrgyzstan for the UNESCO Silk Roads Online Platform. Dr Aijarkyn Kojobekova's research interests include Central Asian social and political culture, memory studies, nation building process, as well as the political implications of religion and the sacred, and these are reflected in her numerous publications.



Dr. Gansukh Damba

MongoliaDr. Gansukh Damba is a leading Mongolian Tourism Expert with extensive experience in the field, including leading several major projects by UNDP, World Bank and other international agencies in Mongolia.

He was awarded a MA and Ph.D by Novosibirsk State University in Russia and progressed into the tourism and hospitality industry by obtaining certificates in International Project Management in Sweden; Educating the Educators from WTO/Hangzhou University in PRC; and Train the Trainer in Hospitality from Den Haag Hotel School in the Netherlands. In 2015, he was awarded State Honours by the President of Mongolia for his continuous contribution to Mongolian Education and the Tourism industry; and was also awarded accolades from the Governor of UB City; the Ministry of Tourism; and the Ministry of Education. He has written several leading books on Tourism, Hospitality and Hotel Management and contributed countless articles in various publications.

Currently, he is the Chairman of Mongolian Tourism Education, Training and Research Centre and Head of Silk Road Project in Mongolia.



Mr. Muati Al Muati

OmanMr. Muati Al Muati is the Assistant Director General for Museums within the Ministry of Heritage and Tourism for Oman. He was a member of the scientific editorial team for Oman’s History across the Ages Encyclopedia which was launched in 2020. From 2013 to 2020 he acted as a Research and Studies Specialist within the Office of the adviser to H.M. The Sultan for Cultural Affairs. An expert in Omani history and culture he has attended numerous UNESCO, ICOMOS, and ICHAM international conferences, including the international conference ‘Cargoes: The Materiality of Connectivity in Motion Across the Indian Ocean’ in Berlin, Germany. He served as a Member of the organizing board of the Diwan of Royal Court book fair. 

Mr. Muati Al Muati holds a master’s degree in TESOL and Applied Linguistics from the University of Bradford, United Kingdom.



Ms. Maria Calado

PortugalArt historian, graduated in History and Museology (Curator of Museums and National Palaces) and PhD in History of Architecture (Technical University of Lisboa), Maria Calado developed an academic career, first at the School of Fine Arts and later at the Faculty of Architecture of Lisbon, as director of the Department of History and Theory of Architecture, Urbanism, Design and Arts. She is the author of several books about History of Art, Cultural Heritage and cultural Policies.

She was Councilor of the Lisbon City Council (1998-2002), responsible for Cultural and Social policies, for the Municipal Council for the Integration of People with Disabilities and for the Municipal Council for the Inclusion of Ethnic Communities. She coordinated the European Heritage Days of the Council of Europe (2002-2004).

Since 2015 Maria Calado is the President of Centro Nacional de Cultura (Portugal). She is also a member of the National Education Council, of the General Council of the National Commission for UNESCO and of International Council on Monuments and Sites - ICOMOS-Portugal.

Republic of Korea

Republic of Korea

Ms. Jinmyung Kim

Republic of KoreaMs. Jinmyung Kim is a coordinator of international affairs at the Cultural Relations and Publicity Department, National Museum of Korea, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Korea. She is currently involved in various international projects with the International Council of Museums (ICOM), ICOM-ASPAC (International Council of Museums, Asia-Pacific Alliance), Asia-Europe Museum Network (ASEMUS), Virtual Collection of Asian Masterpieces (VCM) and UNESCO.
Ms. Jinmyung Kim studied English Language and Literature at the Yonsei University and completed a Master’s in Chinese Art History at the Sungshin Women’s University Graduate School, South Korea. Prior to this she published National Museum of Korea, a quarterly English magazine following the relocation of the National Museum of Korea to Yongsan.


Russian Federation

Dr. Alexandra Ochirova

RussiaDr. Ochirova is a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador, a PhD, a poet and a member of the Commission of the Russian Federation for UNESCO. Dr. Ochirova has been a member of the Board of the Presidential Council for the Implementation of Priority National Projects and Demographic Policy since 2006. She is a member of several international academic associations and other non-governmental organizations, and is actively involved in organizing different international events and conferences. She is a Member of the Russian Union of Writers, and has been an Honorary Member of the Russian Academy of Arts since 2011, since 2015 has been a Silk Road Ambassador of the Silk Road Chamber of International Commerce (SRCIC).

In 2006-2011, Dr. Ochirova served as a member of the Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation, Chairperson of the Commission on Social Development and Chairperson of the Commission on Social and Demographic Policy. She also was a Member of the Organizing Committee, and regularly participated in the International Women’s Summits, as well as the International Conference on Population and Development (Cairo, 1995) and the UN World Summit for Social Development (Copenhagen, 1995).



Mr. José Maria Chiquillo Barber

SpainMr. José María Chiquillo Barber was born in Valencia, Spain, on November 24, 1964. He majored in Law from the University of Valencia, specializing in Public Law. He has been a member of the Congress of Deputies, Spanish Parliament (1994-2000), as well as a member of the Spanish Senate (2004-2015). In 2015, he was elected Deputy for Valencia in Congress in the XI (2015-2016) and XII (2016-2020) Constitutional Legislature of Spain.

He serves as the spokesman for the Parliamentary Group of the Popular Party in the Commission for International Cooperation for Development. Currently, he is a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee, Culture Committee and the Spanish Delegation Member to the OSCE Assembly. Since July 2014, Mr. Chiquillo Barber has been a Researcher at the Institute of Strategic and International Studies (IEEI) of the Catholic University of Valencia Saint Vincent Martyr.

In April 2015, he became the Focal Point of Spain for the International Network of the UNESCO Silk Roads Programme, and was chosen to be its President, soon thereafter. He was re-elected President for the period 2018-2020 during the Fourth Meeting of the Silk Roads International Network that was held in Muscat, Oman.



Mr. Abdurauf Razzokov Rakhimovich

TajikistanMr. Rakhimovich is currently the director of Penjikent archaeological base of the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography after the name of A. Donish, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan.

He obtained a bachelor’s degree in history at State University named after V.I. Lenin. He furthered his graduate study at the Institute of History of Material Culture of the Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg.

During his study and career, he took parts in archaeological expeditions with various institutions, including Harvard University and Institute of History and Material Culture in St. Petersburg.



Mr. İhsan Tolga Korucu

TurkeyMr. İhsan Tolga Korucu is the Assistant Secretary-General of the Turkish National Commission for UNESCO, and oversees the Commission’s international affairs operations.

He received his Bachelor’s of Art degree in Political Science and Public Admninistration from Bilkent University in Ankara, Turkey. Mr. Korucu represented Turkey at the 9th UNESCO Youth Forum in 2015, in Paris, France and at the Young Diplomats Forum in 2017, in London, UK.

In addition to Turkish, he speaks English and has competency in Spanish.



Dr. Farhod Maksudov

UzbekistanDr. Farhod Maksudov is a Senior Researcher (Deputy Director, Director) at the National Centre of Archaeology (Institute for Archaeological Research), Academy of Sciences, Tashkent/Samarkand, Uzbekistan. He is also currently the Co-Director of a joint Uzbek-American archaeological project studying mobile pastoralism in the Central Asian mountains, undertaken by Washington University, St. Louis (USA) and the institute for Archaeological research (Uzbekistan).

His research concerns the archaeological anthropology and ecology of the ancient and medieval nomadic societies of Central Asia. He predominantly focusses on nature-culture interactions and cultural landscape reconstruction and modelling, applying a wide range of scientific research methods including remote sensing integrated into Geographic Information Systems. In particular his research emphasizes the historical land use/settlement patterns of sedentary farmers vs. mobile pastoralist societies of the Central Asian region.

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