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Mongol Daguur Biosphere Reserve, Mongolia

The specific Mongol Daguur's steppe and wetlands territory represents mainly low-mountainous landscapes that support a variety of fauna and flora species. The specific area is rich in biodiversity encompassing biological features from Daurian and Manchurian flora and fauna with natural resources potential in Mongolia.

Designation date: 1990


Regional network:  SeaBRnet

Ecosystem-based network: 




    Surface : N/A

    • Core area(s): 15,600 ha
    • Buffer zone(s): 51,600 ha
    • Transition zone(s): 629,000 ha

    Location: N/A

    Administrative Authorities

    Mongol Daguur Strictly Protected Area

    Khurelbaatar Dashdorj
    Eastern Mongolian Protected Area Administration
    Box number 401, 9th bag, Kherlen soum
    Choibalsan City

    Tel.: (976) 9901-9697

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    Ecological Characteristics

    The Mongol Daguur biosphere reserve provides nesting and breeding grounds to globally endangered species i.e. White-naped Crane and there are many rare or critically threatened birds that use the steppe for migratory stopover sites. Situated in the furthest eastern tip of Mongolia and bordered with Russia, the biosphere reserve ecosystem has trans-boundary distinction.






    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    The Dornod aimag province is a cultural, communication, trade, industry and information regional centre of Eastern province of Mongolia. Present day population of the Dornod aimag is around 73 900 people and it includes different ethnic groups (khalkh, buriad and barga, uzemhin and others). The numerous herder households live and raise their livestock using traditional ways of making hay, building fences, and moving from one pasture to another. 

    The management plan for buffer zone of Mongol Daguur defines the overall and specific objectives of the biosphere reserve, identifies negative human impacts and constraints to achieving those objectives, and to provide support in ensuring healthy living and working environment for 500 household by means of environmental conservation and restoration. The Council of buffer zone of Mongol Daguur implemented projects to assist in establishing full-time jobs for people capable to work whose income is lower than the minimum subsistence level.

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    Last updated: May 2019