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Biosphere reserves in Asia and the Pacific

There are 161 biosphere reserves in 24 countries in Asia and the Pacific.

Countries
Biosphere Reserve
Year of designation
 
Periodic Reviews
AUSTRALIA  
4 biosphere reserves Croajingolong 1977. Withdrawn in 2020   2003
  Kosciuszko 1977. Withdrawn in 2020   2003
  Southwest 1977. Withdrawn in 2002    
  Macquarie Island 1977. Withdrawn in 2011    
  Prince Regent 1977. Withdrawn in 2018    
  Unnamed 1977. Withdrawn in 2020   2003
  Uluru (Ayers Rock-Mount Olga) 1977. Withdrawn in 2020   2003
  Yathong 1977. Withdrawn in 2018    
  Riverland 1977 (Originally Danggali Conservation Park, extended and renamed Bookmark in 1995. Renamed as Riverland in 2004). Withdrawn in 2020   2004
  Fitzgerald (Extended & renamed in 2017) 1978   2003, 2017
  Hattah-Kulkyne & Murray-Kulkyne 1981. Withdrawn in 2018    
  Wilson's Promontory 1981. Withdrawn in 2018    
  Mornington Peninsula and Western Port 2002   2015
  Barkindji 2005. Withdrawn in 2018    
  Noosa 2007    
  Great Sandy 2009    
 
CAMBODIA  
1 biosphere reserve Tonle Sap 1997   2012
 
CHINA  
34 biosphere reserves Changbaishan 1979   1998, 2017
  Dinghushan 1979   1998, 2017
  Wolong 1979   1998, 2017
  Fanjingshan 1986   1999, 2017
  Xilingol 1987   1999, 2017
  Wuyishan 1987   1999
  Bogeda 1990   2001, 2016
  Shennongjia 1990   2001, 2017
  Yancheng 1992   2003, 2015
  Xishuangbanna 1993   2004, 2016
  Maolan 1996   2007
  Tianmushan 1996   2007
  Fenglin 1997   2009
  Jiuzhaigou Valley 1997   2011
  Nanji Islands 1998   2011
  Shankou Mangrove 2000   2011
  Baishuijiang 2000   2011
  Gaoligong Mountain 2000   2011
  Huanglong 2000   2011
  Baotianman 2001   2012
  Saihan Wula 2001   2012
  Dalai Lake 2002   2014
  Wudalianchi 2003   2014
  Yading 2003   2014
  Foping 2004    
  Qomolangma 2004    
  Chebaling 2007    
  Xingkai Lake 2007    
  Mao'er Mountain 2011    
  Jinggangshan 2012    
  Niubeiliang 2012    
  Snake Island, Laotie Mountain 2013    ;
  Hanma 2015    
  Mount Huangshan 2018    
 
INDIA  
12 biosphere reserves Nilgiri 2000   2012
  Gulf of Mannar 2001   2013
  Sunderban 2001   2013
  Nanda Devi 2004    
  Nokrek 2009    
  Pachmarhi 2009    
  Similipal 2009    
  Achanakmar-Amarkantak 2012    
  Great Nicobar 2013    
  Agasthyamala 2016    
  Khangchendzonga 2018    
  Panna 2020    
 
INDONESIA  
19 biosphere reserves Cibodas 1977   2011
  Komodo 1977   1999, 2013
  Lore Lindu 1977   1999, 2013
  Tanjung Puting 1977   1998, 2013
  Gunung Leuser 1981   1999, 2013
  Siberut 1981   1999, 2013
  Giam Siak Kecil - Bukit Batu 2009  
  Wakatobi 2012    
  Bromo Tengger Semeru-Arjuno 2015    
  Taka Bonerate-Kepulauan Selayar 2015    
  Belambangan 2016    
  Berbak - Sembilang 2018    
  Betung Kerihun Danau Sentarum Kapuas Hulu 2018    
  Rinjani Lombok 2018    
  Saleh-Moyo-Tambora or ‘SAMOTA’ 2019    
  Togean Tojo Una-Una 2019    
  Bunaken Tangkoko Minahasa 2020    
  Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria 2020    
  Merapi Merbabu Menoreh 2020    
 
ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN  
13 biosphere reserves Arasbaran 1976   2002, 2013
  Arjan 1976   2002, 2013
  Geno 1976   2002, 2013
  Golestan 1976   2002, 2013
  Hara 1976   2002, 2013
  Kavir 1976   2002, 2013
  Lake Oromeeh 1976   2002, 2013
  Miankaleh 1976   2002, 2013
  Touran 1976   2002, 2013
  Dena 2010    
  Tang-e-Sayad & Sabzkuh 2015    
  Hamoun 2016    
  Kopet Dag 2018    
 
JAPAN  
10 biosphere reserves Mount Hakusan 1980 (Extended in 2016)   1999, 2016
  Mount Odaigahara, Mount Omine and Osugidani 1980 (former Mount Odaigahara & Mount Omine, extended and renamed in 2016)   1999, 2016
  Shiga Highland 1980 (Extended in 2014)   1999, 2014
  Yakushima and Kuchinoerabu Jima 1980 (former Yakushima Island, extended and renamed in 2016)   1999, 2016
  Aya 2012    
  Minami-Alps 2014    
  Tadami 2014    
  Minakami 2017    
  Sobo, Katamuki and Okue 2017    
  Kobushi 2019    
 
KAZAKHSTAN  
12 biosphere reserve Korgalzhyn 2012    
  Alakol 2013    
  Ak-Zhayik 2014    
  Aksu-Zhabagly 2015    
  Barsakelmes 2016    
  Great Altay Transboundary Biosphere Reserve (Kazakhstan/Russian Federation) (former Katon-Karagay 2014) 2017    
  Altyn Emel 2017    
  Karatau 2017    
  Charyn 2018    
  Zhongar 2018    
  Almaty 2020    
  West Altai 2020    
 
DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA  
5 biosphere reserves Mount Paekdu 1989   2002, 2014
  Mount Kuwol 2004    
  Mount Myohyang 2009    
  Mount Chilbo 2014    
  Mount Kumgang 2018    
 
REPUBLIC OF KOREA  
8 biosphere reserves Mount Sorak 1982 (Extended in 2016)   1998, 2013
  Jeju Island 2002   2013
  Shinan Dadohae 2009 (Extended in 2016)   2016
  Gwangneung Forest 2010    
  Gochang 2013    
  Suncheon 2018    
  Gangwon Eco-Peace 2019    
  Yeoncheon Imjin River 2019    
 
KYRGYZSTAN  
2 biosphere reserves Sary-Chelek 1978   2013
  Issyk Kul 2001   2013
 
MALAYSIA  
2 biosphere reserve Tasik Chini 2009    
  Crocker Range 2014    
 
MALDIVES  
3 biosphere reserve Addu Atoll 2020    
  Fuvahmulah 2020    
  And Atoll 2007    
 
FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA  
2 biosphere reserves Utwe 2005    
  And Atoll 2007    
 
MONGOLIA  
7 biosphere reserves Great Gobi 1990   2016
  Boghd Khan Uul 1996   2016
  Uvs Nuur Basin 1997   2016
  Hustai Nuruu 2002   2015
  Dornod Mongol 2005   2017
  Mongol Daguur 2007    
  Toson-Khulstai 2020    
 
MYANMAR  
2 biosphere reserves Inlay Lake 2015    
  Indawgyi 2017    
 
PAKISTAN  
2 biosphere reserve Lal Suhanra 1977   1998, 2014
  Ziarat Juniper Forest 2013    
 
PALAU  
1 biosphere reserve Ngaremeduu 2005    
 
PHILIPPINES  
3 biosphere reserves Puerto Galera 1977   2014
  Palawan 1990   2012
  Albay 2016    
 
SRI LANKA  
4 biosphere reserves Hurulu 1977   1998, 2014
  Sinharaja 1978   1998, 2004, 2014
  Kanneliya-Dediyagala-Nakiyadeniya (KDN) 2004   2014
  Bundala 2005   2015
 
THAILAND  
4 biosphere reserves Sakaerat 1976   1999, 2015
  Hauy Tak Teak 1977   1999, 2014
  Mae Sa-Kog Ma 1977   1999, 2015
  Ranong 1997   2011, 2014
 
TURKMENISTAN  
1 biosphere reserve Repetek 1978   2005, 2017
 
UZBEKISTAN  
1 biosphere reserve Mount Chatkal 1978   1999, 2015
 
VIET NAM  
9 biosphere reserves Can Gio Mangrove 2001   2011
  Dong Nai 2001 (former Cat Tien, 2001 - extended in 2011)   2011
  Cat Ba 2004   2015
  Red River Delta 2004    
  Kien Giang 2006   2017
  Western Nghe An 2007    
  Mui Ca Mau 2009    
  Cu Lao Cham - Hoi An 2009    
  Langbiang 2015    

 

Last updated: June 2019

>> Back to World Network of Biophere Reserves

Australia

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Ms. Georgina Usher
Director, Protected Area Policy
Biodiversity Policy and Water Science Branch
Biodiversity Conservation Division
Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment
GPO Box 787 CANBERRA ACT 2601
Phone: +61 2 6274 1336 
E-mail: Georgina.Usher@awe.gov.au 

There are 4 biosphere reserves in Australia:

Fitzgerald Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1978 (extended in 2017)
Periodic reviews: 2003 and 2017

Mornington Peninsula and Western Port Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2002
Periodic reviews: 2015

Noosa Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2007
Periodic reviews: /

Great Sandy Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2009
Periodic reviews: /

 

Bangladesh

MAB Focal point:
Mr. Md. Shohel Imam Khan
Deputy Secretary General
Bangladesh National Commission for UNESCO (Joint Secretary, Ministry of Education)
1, Sonargaon Road, Palassy-Nilkhet, Dhaka-1205
Tel: (880-2) 9675002
Email: natcombd@yahoo.com  

 

Bhutan

MAB Focal point:
Chief of the Nature Recreation and Ecotourism Division
Department of Forests and Parks
Ministry of Agriculture and Forests
Email: karmas_bt@yahoo.com  

 

Cambodia

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Dr. Mok Mareth
Ministry of the Environment
E-mail: tcu@forum.org.kh

There is 1 biosphere reserve in Cambodia:

Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1997
Periodic reviews: 2012

 

 

China

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Prof. Wang Ding
Academy of Science
E-mail: wangd@ihb.ac.cn
52 Sanlihe Rd., Beijing, China (100864)
Tel: 86-10-68597591

Mr Chen Chuanhong
Deputy Director-General
Ministry of Science and Technology, Department of Rural and Social Development
E-mail: chench@mail.most.gov.cn

Prof. Yuan Daoxian
Academician
Institute of Karst Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Prof Yang Hanxi
Academician
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Mr Jin Jianming
Vice Chairperson
Chinese Academy of Engineering
Vice Chairman of Science and Technology Committee of SEPA

Ms Shi Shuyun
Ambassador
Permanent Delegation of the People's Republic of China

Prof. Wu Zhengyi
Director Emeritus/Academician
Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Prof. Zheng Du
Academician
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Mr Ouyang Hua
Deputy Director
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Mr Guo Huadong
Director
Center for Earth Observation and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Prof. Ge Jianping
Dean
College of Life Science
Beijing Normal University

Mr Xie Ninggao
Professor/Director
World Heritage Research Center of Peking University

Prof. Tieheng Sun
Academician
Chinese Academy of Engineering, Institute of Applied Ecology, 
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Mr Liming Wang
Division Director
China National Tourism Administration, 
Division of Planning & ResourcesNo.9A Jianguomennei Ave.

Mr Zhang Xinshi
Professor/Academician
Institute of Botany

Mr Liu Zhen
Deputy Director-General
Dep. of Water and Soil Conservation, Ministry of Water Resources

Prof. Jinzhao Zhu
President
Beijing Forestry University 

Prof. Li Wenhua
Vice Chairperson
Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources
Chinese Academy of Engineering

Mr Liu Yongfan
Deputy Director General
Department of Wild Animal and Plant Conservation,
State Forestry Administration

Prof. Hong Deyuan
Laboratory of Systematic & Evolutionary Botany, 
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Institute of Botany, Xiangshan

Mr Yin Feng
China Wildlife Conservation Association
Deputy Director

Mr Jiang Gaoming
Laboratory of Quantitative Vegetation Ecology,
Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Mr Zhao Jianrong
Ministry of Construction
Chief, Department of Urban Construction

Mr Zhang Jiming
Domestic Department, 
Xinhua News Agency

Prof, Ma Keping
The Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Research Center for Plant Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation
Biodiversity Committee

Prof. Kang Le
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Director General, Bureau of Life Sciences & Biotechnology

Mr Ge Ning
Director, Jiuzhai Gou Management Office of the National Nature Reserve
Jiuzhai Gou Biosphere Reserve Administration

Mr Xu Sheng
Dept. of Marine Environment Protection, 
State Oceanic Administration Marine Environment Protection

Mr Lou Wei
China Association for Science and Technology
Division of Rural Area Affairs, Department of Science Popularization

Prof. Li Wencheng
Ecology Tourism Committee of China Tourism Association

Ms Li Wenjun
Center for Environmental Sciences
Peking University

Prof. Wang Xianpu
Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Prof. Zhao Xianying
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Mr Wang Xiaobin
Department of Animal Husbandry & Health, Ministry of Agriculture
Director, Division of Grassland

Mr Zhao Xiaodong
Director, Baoshan Management Bureau of Gaoligongshan Biosphere Reserve

Mr Shen Xiaohui
Friend of Nature
Senior Engineer

Mr Liu Xiping
Deputy Director, Rural Work Office of Yancheng Government

Mr Ji Yanshou
China Biodiversity Conservation Foundation
Research Professor

Ms You Yanxin
Director, Economic Construction Department, Ministry of Finance

Prof. Li Yiming
Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Science

Mr Zheng Yisheng
The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Head of Division, Center for Environment and Development

Mr Zhu Zhen
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Deputy Director general

Mr Yang Zhifeng
Institute of Environmental Sciences
Director/Professor

Mr Jiang Zhigang
Executive Director, Endangered Species Scientific Commission

Mr Ouyang Zhiyun
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Professor, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences

Mr Li Zhou
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Deputy Research Fellow, Institute of Rural Development
 

There are 34 biosphere reserves in China:

Changbaishan Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1979
Periodic reviews: 1998 and 2017

Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1979
Periodic reviews: 1998 and 2017

Wolong Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1979
Periodic reviews: 1998 and 2017

Fanjingshan Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1986
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2017

Xilingol Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1987
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2017

Wuyishan Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1987
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2018

Bogeda Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1990
Periodic reviews: 2001 and 2016

Shennongjia Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1990
Periodic reviews: 2001 and 2017

Yancheng Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1992
Periodic reviews: 2003 and 2015

Xishuangbanna Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1993
Periodic reviews: 2004 and 2016

Maolan Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1996
Periodic reviews: 2007

Tianmushan Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1996
Periodic reviews: 2007

Fenglin Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1997
Periodic reviews: 2009

Jiuzhaigou Valley Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1997
Periodic reviews: 2011

Nanji Islands Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1998
Periodic reviews: 2010

Shankou Mangrove Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2000
Periodic reviews: 2011

Baishujiang Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2000
Periodic reviews: 2011

Gaoligong Mountain Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2000
Periodic reviews: 2011

Huanglong Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2000
Periodic reviews: 2011

Baotianman Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2001
Periodic reviews: 2012

Saihan Wula Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2001
Periodic reviews: 2012

Dalai Lake Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2002
Periodic reviews: 2014

Wudalianchi Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2003
Periodic reviews: 2014

Yading Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2003
Periodic reviews: 2014

Foping Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2004
Periodic reviews: 2018

Qomolangma Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2004
Periodic reviews: /

Chebaling Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2007
Periodic reviews: /

Xingkai Lake Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2007
Periodic reviews: /

Mao'er Mountain Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2011
Periodic reviews: /

Jinggangshan Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2012
Periodic reviews: /

Niubeiliang Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2012
Periodic reviews: /

Snake Island, Laotie Mountain Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2013
Periodic reviews: /

Hanma Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2015
Periodic reviews: /

Mount Huangshan Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

 

India

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Mr. Lalit Kapur
Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change
E-mail: l.kapur@nic.in

There are 12 biosphere reserves in India:

Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2000
Periodic reviews: 2012

Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2001
Periodic reviews: 2013

Sunderban Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2001
Periodic reviews: 2013

Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2004
Periodic reviews: /

Nokrek Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2009
Periodic reviews: /

Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2009
Periodic reviews: /

Similipal Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2009
Periodic reviews: /

Achanakmar - Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2012
Periodic reviews: /

Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2013
Periodic reviews: /

Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2016
Periodic reviews: /

Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

Panna Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

 

Indonesia

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Prof. Dr. Y. Purwanto
Executive Director
Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)
E-mail: purwanto.lipi@gmail.com and mab-lipi@mab-indonesia.org

Chairperson of the Indonesian MAB Programme National Committee
Deputy of Life Science, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) ex-officio
E-mail: mab-lipi@mab-indonesia.org 

Dr. Hari Nugroho
Program Director for Research and Development
Indonesian MAB Programme National Committee, LIPI

Anang S. Achmadi, M.Sc
Program Director for Communications and Dissemination
Indonesian MAB Programme National Committee, LIPI 

Head of Sub Directorate, Control of the Management of Conservation Areas
Directorate General of Conservation of Natural Resource and Ecosystem
Ministry of Environment and Forestry (ex-officio)
Program Director of Natural Resources and Ecosystem
 

There are 19 biosphere reserves in Indonesia:

Cibodas Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1977
Periodic reviews: 2011

Komodo Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1977
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2013

Lore Lindu Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1977
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2013

Tanjung Puting Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1977
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2013

Gunung Leuser Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1981
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2013

Siberut Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1981
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2013

Giam Siak Kecil - Bukit Batu Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2009
Periodic reviews: /

Wakatobi Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2012
Periodic reviews: /

Bromo Tengger Semeru-Arjuno Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2015
Periodic reviews: /

Taka Bonerate - Kepulauan Selayar Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2015
Periodic reviews: /

Belambangan Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2016
Periodic reviews: /

Berbak - Sembilang Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

Betung Kerihun Danau Sentarum Kapuas Hulu Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

Rinjani Lombok Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

SAMOTA Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2019
Periodic reviews: /

Togean Tojo Una-Una Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2019
Periodic reviews: /

Bunaken Tangkoko Minahasa Designated in 2020
Periodic reviews: /

Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2020
Periodic reviews: /

Merapi Merbabu Menoreh Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2020
Periodic reviews: /

 

Islamic Republic of Iran

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Dr. Mahin Gazani
Director Science Department
Iranian National Commission for UNESCO
E-mail: science@irunesco.org

Ahmad Kaykha (PhD)
Chair, Iranian National Committee for MaB
Deputy Head for Natural Environment and Biodiversity
Department of Environment

Sahar Ahmadizadeh (Ms) 
Head, Science Department
Secretary, Iranian National Committee for MaB
Iranian National Commission for UNESCO

Farhang Ghasriyani (PhD)
Director General of the Bureau for Habitats and Protected Areas
Department of Environment 

Dr Hamid Reza Tashauoei (PhD)
Vice Minister for WasterWater Use and Productivity
Ministry of Energy

Mohammad Reza Ghaderi (Eng.)
Director General for Safety at Sea and Protection
Ports and Maritime Organization

Gholamreza Nabi Bidhendi (PhD)
Rector, Faculty of  Environment 
University of Tehran

Abbas Ranjbar (PhD)
Head of the National Drought Mitigation Centre
Meteorological Organization

Mojtaba Palooj (PhD)
Head of the Rural Development Group, Research Centre for Planning, Agriculture Economy and Rural Development
Ministry of Jihad-e Agriculture

Shahin Mohammadnejad (PhD)
Director General, Bureau for Environmental Affairs, Health and Safety
Ministry of Industry, Mines and Trade 

Javad Mo’meni 
Attaché, Head Office for Economic and International Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Mohsen Mazloom Farsibaf (PhD)
Director General for Energy Planning, Deputy Directorate for Planning and Monitoring of Hydrocarbon Resources
Ministry of Petroleum

Ebadollah Mahmoudi Taleghani (PhD)
Member to the High Council for Forests 
Forest, Rangeland and Watershed Management Organization

Hossein Ganjidoost (PhD)
Tarbiyat Modarres University

Aref Aghvami Moghaddam (Eng.)
Head, Architecture and National and Regional Urbanization Plans Group
Ministry of Roads and Transportation

Majid Makhdoum (PhD)
Head, Board of Managers
The Iranian Association for Environmental Assessment (IAEA)

Morteza Tashakori (PhD)
Director General, Bureau for Promoting Skills Training
University of Applied Science and Technology 

Taghi Shamekhi (PhD)
Faculty of Natural Resources of the University of Tehran

Nasrin Moazami (PhD)
Lecturer
Iranian Research Organisation for Science and Technology

Ali Allahyar Torkaman 
Deputy Head for Education and Cultural Affairs
Presidential Office for Planning and Strategic Supervision

Mohammad Reza Rahimzadeh (PhD)
Head, Higher Education Centre
Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organisation

Abbas Rajaei (Eng.)
Head, Commission for Agriculture, Water and Natural Resources
Islamic Parliament of Iran

 

There are 13 biosphere reserves in Iran:

Arasbaran Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1976
Periodic reviews: 2002 and 2013

Arjan Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1976
Periodic reviews: 2002 and 2013

Geno Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1976
Periodic reviews: 2002 and 2013

Golestan Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1976
Periodic reviews: 2002 and 2013

Hara Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1976
Periodic reviews: 2002 and 2013

Kavir Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1976
Periodic reviews: 2002 and 2013

Lake Oromeeh Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1976
Periodic reviews: 2002 and 2013

Miankaleh Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1976
Periodic reviews: 2002 and 2013

Touran Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1976
Periodic reviews: 2002 and 2013

Dena Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2010
Periodic reviews: /

Tang-e-Sayad & Sabzkuh Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2015
Periodic reviews: /

Hamoun Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2016
Periodic reviews: /

Kopet Dag Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

 

Japan

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Dr. Isoda Hiroko
Professor, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences & ARENA, University of Tsukuba
Member of the Japanese National Commission for UNESCO
E-mail: jpnatcom@mext.go.jp

Secretariat of the Japanese National Committee for MAB
Japanese National Commission for UNESCO
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)

Postal Address: 
3-2-2 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, 
Tokyo 100-8959, Japan 
E-mail National Commission Japan: jpnatcom@mext.go.jp
Tel: +81-(0)3-6734-2585 

SHIGE Masako
Chair, Japan Council on Education for Sustainable Development (ESD-J)
Member of the Japanese National Commission for UNESCO

TACHIKAWA Yasuto
Professor, Department of Civil and Earth Resources Engineering, Kyoto University
Member of the Japanese National Commission for UNESCO

BABA Shigeyuki
Professor Emeritus, University of the Ryukyus
Executive Director, International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems (ISME)

HATTORI Tamotsu
Emeritus Professor, University of Hyogo

ITO Motomi
Professor, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences,
The University of Tokyo

IWAKUMA Toshio
Emeritus Professor at Hokkaido University
Emeritus Professor at NIT, Hakodate College

KITOH Shuichi
Professor of Environmental Ethics, Seisa University
Emeritus Professor, The University of Tokyo

MASAKI Takashi
Director, Department of Forest Vegetation,
Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute

MATSUDA Hiroyuki
Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Sciences, Yokohama National University

OHSAWA Masahiko
Professor of Plant Ecology, Institute of Ecology and Geobotany, Yunnan University (China)

SATO Tetsu
Professor, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, National Institutes for the Humanities

There are 10 biosphere reserves in Japan:

Mount Hakusan Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1980 (extended in 2016)
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2016

Mount Odaigahara, Mount Omine and Osugidani Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1980 (extended and renamed in 2016)
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2016

Shiga Highland Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1980 (extended in 2014)
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2014

Yakushima and Kuchinoerabu Jima  Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1980 (extended and renamed in 2016)
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2016

Aya Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2012
Periodic reviews: /

Minami Alps Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2014
Periodic reviews: /

Tadami Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2014
Periodic reviews: /

Minakami Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2017
Periodic reviews: /

Sobo, Katamuki and Okue Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2017
Periodic reviews: /

Kobushi Biosphere Reserve<
Designated in 2019
Periodic reviews: /

 

Kazakhstan

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Prof. Roman Jashenko
Chairman
Institute of Zoology
E-mail: rjashenko@kazmab.kz

There are 10 biosphere reserves in Kazakhstan:

Korgalzhyn Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2012
Periodic reviews: /

Alakol Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2013
Periodic reviews: /

Ak-Zhayik Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2014
Periodic reviews: /

Katon-Karagay Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2014 (since 2017 Transboundary Great Altay BR with Russian Federation)
Periodic reviews: /

Aksu-Zhabagly Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2015
Periodic reviews: /

Bersakelmes Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2016
Periodic reviews: /

Altyn Emel Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2017
Periodic reviews: /

Karatau Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2017
Periodic reviews: /

Charyn Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

Zhongar Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

Almaty Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2020
Periodic reviews: /

West Altai Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2020
Periodic reviews: /

 

Kiribati

MAB Focal point:
Ms. Tessie Eria Lambourne
Ministry of Environment and Social Development
Email: mesd@tskl.nt.kl

 

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Focal point for biosphere reserves:

Myong Gon
Secretary, MAB National Committee
Tel.: : +850-2-18111 ext 3418544
Email: arirangip@star-co.net.kp

There are 5 biosphere reserves in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea:

Mount Paekdu Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1989
Periodic reviews: 2002 and 2014

Mount Kuwol Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2004
Periodic reviews: 2018

Mount Myohyang Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2009
Periodic reviews: /

Mount Chilbo Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2014
Periodic reviews: /

Mount Kumgang Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

 

Republic of Korea

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Mr. Moon, Myung Keun
Secretary-general, MAB National Committee of the Republic of Korea
Korea National Park Service

E-mail: mab@knps.or.kr

1. Dr. Cho, Do-soon
Co-Chairperson, MAB National Committee of the Republic of Korea

Korea National Park Service
E-mail: dscho@catholic.ac.kr

2. Mr. Jeong, Jong Seon
Director General, Natural Environment Policy Office, Ministry of Environment

3. Dr. Shim, Suk Kyung
Co-Vice Chairperson, MAB National Committee of the Republic of Korea
Professional officer, ICLEI Korea office

 4. Mr. Kim, Sang-Bae
Executive Director of Park Conservation, Korea National Park Service 

5. Mr. Hong, Seok-in
Director General, Cultural Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
 
6. Mr. Kang, Yongseok
Director General, Marine Environment Policy Division, Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries
 
7. Mr. Kim, Gye-sik
Director General, Heritage Promotion Bureau, Cultural Heritage Administration 

8. Mr. Lee, Chong-Keon
Director General, Forest Protection Bureau, Korea Forest Service

9. Dr. Kim, Kwibae
Assistant Secretary-General, Bureau of Science & Culture, Korea National Commission for UNESCO

10. Mr. Kim, Chang-hwan
Professor, Chunbuk National University Iksan Campus

12. Dr. Kim, Nam Choon
Professor, Danguk University 

13. Dr. Chun Seung Soo
Professor, Chonnam National Univ, 

14. Mr. Oh, Chung-hyun
Professor, Dongguk University

15. Mr. Paek, Yong-hae
President, Wetland Korea

16. Dr. Chun, Jae-Kyong
Facilitator, Korea Social Capital Institute

17. Ms. Ko, Je-Ryang

18. Dr. Danny Donguk Han
National Marine Biodiversity Institute of Korea

19. Dr. Lee, Dowon
Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Seoul National University

20. Dr. Park Eun-Jin
Division Director, National Institute of Ecology, 

21. Dr. Yoo, Chul-In
Professor of Anthropology, Jeju National University

22. Dr. Heo, Hag Young
Research Fellow, Partnership Department, Korea National Park Service

23. Dr. Kim, Jaehyun
Professor , College of Life & Environmental Sciences, Konkuk University, 

24. Dr.Kang, Mihee
Research Professor, Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences

25. Dr. Jung , Sue-jung
Researcher, Korean Environmental Education Program

There are 8 biosphere reserves in the Republic of Korea:

Mount Sorak Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1982 (Extended in 2016)
Periodic reviews: 1998 and 2013

Jeju Island Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2004
Periodic reviews: 2013

Shinan Dadohae Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2009 (Extended in 2016)
Periodic reviews: /

Gwangneung Forest Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2010
Periodic reviews: /

Gochang Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2013
Periodic reviews: /

Suncheon Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

Gangwon Eco-Peace Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2019
Periodic reviews: /

Yeoncheon Imjin River Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2019
Periodic reviews: /

 

Kyrgyzstan

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Institute of Biology and Pedology of the National Academy of Sciences
E-mail: N/A

 

There are 2 biosphere reserves in Kyrgyzstan:

Sary - Chelek Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1978
Periodic reviews: 2013

Issyk Kul Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2001
Periodic reviews: 2013

 

Malaysia

Focal point for biosphere reserves:

Norsham Abdul Latip (Ms)
Biodiversity Management and Forestry, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
Wisma Sumber Asli, No.25 Persiaran Perdana, Presint 4, 62574 Putrajaya
Tel.: +603-8886 1442
Email address: norsham@ketsa.gov.my

Farrah Shameen Mohamad Ashray (Ms)
Division of Forestry Management, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
Wisma Sumber Asli, No.25 Persiaran Perdana, Presint 4, 62574 Putrajaya
Tel.: +603-8886 1447/ +603-8886 1667
Email address: farrah.ashray@ketsa.gov.my

There are 2 biosphere reserves in Malaysia:

Tasik Chini Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2009
Periodic reviews: /

Crocker Range Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2014
Periodic reviews: /

 

Maldives

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Muhsina Abdul Rahman
Senior Environmental Analyst
Ministry of Environment
E-mail: muhsina.abdulrahman@environment.gov.mv

There is 3 biosphere reserve in the Maldives:

Baa Atoll Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2011
Periodic reviews: /

Addu Atoll Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2020
Periodic reviews: /

Fuvahmulah Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2020
Periodic reviews: /

 

Marshall Islands

MAB Focal point:
Mr. John Bungitak
Environment Protection Authority
Email: eparmi@ntamar.com

 

Federated States of Micronesia

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
National Commission for UNESCO of the 
Federated States of Micronesia 

 

There are 2 biosphere reserves in the Federated States of Micronesia:

Utwe Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2005
Periodic reviews: /

And Atoll Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2009
Periodic reviews: /

 

Mongolia

Focal point for biosphere reserves:

Mr Enkhbold SANSARBAYAR
Head of the National MAB Committee of Mongolia
Director of Department of Protected Areas Management
Ministry of Environment and Tourism
Government building II, United nations street 5/2, Chingeltei district
15160 Ulaanbaatar
Mongolia
E-mail: saagii84@yahoo.com

Ms N. Chimeddulam
Secretary, Mongolian National MAB Committee
Mongolian National Commission for UNESCO
UN House United Nations
street 14 Sukhbaatar district, 6th Khoroo
14201 Ulaanbaatar
Mongolia
E-mail: n.chimeddulam@unesco.mn

Mr Enkhbold SANSARBAYAR
Head of the National MAB Committee of Mongolia
Director of Department of Protected Areas Management
Ministry of Environment and Tourism
Government building II, United nations street 5/2, Chingeltei district
15160 Ulaanbaatar
Mongolia
E-mail: saagii84@yahoo.com

 

Ms N. Chimeddulam
Secretary, Mongolian National MAB Committee
Mongolian National Commission for UNESCO
UN House United Nations
street 14 Sukhbaatar district, 6th Khoroo
14201 Ulaanbaatar
Mongolia
E-mail: n.chimeddulam@unesco.mn

 

 

 

There are 7 biosphere reserves in Mongolia:

Great Gobi Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1990
Periodic reviews: 2016

Boghd Khan Uul Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1996
Periodic reviews: 2009 and 2016

Uvs Nuur Basin Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1997
Periodic reviews: 2009 and 2016

Hustai Nuruu Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2002
Periodic reviews: 2015

Dornod Mongol Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2005
Periodic reviews: 2016

Mongol Daguur Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2007
Periodic reviews: /

Toson-Khulstai Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2020
Periodic reviews: /

 

 

Myanmar

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Mr. Nyi Nyi Kyaw
Director General of the Forest Department
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation
E-mail: nnkforest@gmail.com and dg.fd@mptmail.net.mn

There are 2 biosphere reserves in Myanmar:

Inlay Lake Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2015
Periodic reviews: /

Indawgyi Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2017
Periodic reviews: /

 

New Zealand

MAB Focal point:
Paul R. Dingwall
Department of Conservation
Email: pdingwall@doc.govt.nz

 

Pakistan

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Mr. Syed Mahmood Nasir
Inspector General
Ministry of Climate Change
E-mail: igf.moenv@gmail.com

There are 2 biosphere reserves in Pakistan:

Lal Suhanra Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1977
Periodic reviews: 1998 and 2014

Ziarat Juniper Forest Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2013
Periodic reviews: /

 

Palau

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Ms. Joyce Beouch
Conservation Planner, Protected Areas Network Office
Ministry of Natural Resources, Environment and Tourism
jkbeouch@gmail.com

There is 1 biosphere reserve in Palau:

Ngaremeduu Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2005
Periodic reviews: /

 

Papua New Guinea

MAB Focal point:
Dr Lance Hill
University of Papua New Guinea

 

Philippines

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
The Secretary-General
UNESCO National Commission of the Philippines
Email: secretariat@unesconatcom.gov.ph

There are 3 biosphere reserve in the Philippines:

Puerto Galera Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1977
Periodic reviews: 2012

Palawan Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1990
Periodic reviews: 2014

Albay Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2016
Periodic reviews: /

 

Sri Lanka

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
The Secretary-General
UNESCO National Commission of the Philippines
Email: secretariat@unesconatcom.gov.ph

There are 4 biosphere reserve in Sri Lanka:

Hurulu Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1977
Periodic reviews: 1998 and 2014

Sinharaja Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1978
Periodic reviews: 1998, 2004 and 2014

Kanneliya-Dediyagala-Nakiyadeniya (KDN) Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2004
Periodic reviews: 2014

Bundala Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2005
Periodic reviews: 2015

 

Thailand

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Dr. Wijarn Simachaya
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
 

There are 4 biosphere reserve in Thailand:

Sakaerat Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1976
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2015

Hauy Tak Teak Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1977
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2014

Mae Sa-Kog Ma Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1977
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2015

Ranong Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1997
Periodic reviews: 2011

 

Turkmenistan

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
A.G. Babaev
National Institute of Deserts, Flora and Fauna
Ministry of Nature Protection

There is 1 biosphere reserve in Turkmenistan:

Repetek Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1978
Periodic reviews: 2005 and 2017

 

Uzbekistan

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Ikram Atabekov
Chairperson of MAB National Committee
E-mail: atabekov@mail.ru

There is 1 biosphere reserve in Uzbekistan:

Mount Chatkal Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1978
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2015

 

Viet Nam

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Mr. Nguyen Hoang Tri
Director
Centre for Environmental Research and Education (CERE)
E-mail: hoangtri51@fpt.vn

Mr. Nguyen Viet Thinh
Chairperson of the Vietnam MAB National Committee
President of the Hanoi National University of Education (HNUE)
E-mail: CERE@fpt.vn

Mr Nguyen Khac Thanh

Ms Nguyen Thi Ngoc Lan

Mr. Nguyen Van Hien

There are 9 biosphere reserve in Vietnam:

Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2000
Periodic reviews: 2011

Dong Nai Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2001 (former Cat Tien, extended in 2011)
Periodic reviews: 2011

Cat Ba Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2004
Periodic reviews: 2015

Red River Delta Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2004
Periodic reviews: /

Kien Gian Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2006
Periodic reviews: /

Western Nghe An Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2007
Periodic reviews: /

Cu Lao Cham - Hoi An Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2009
Periodic reviews: /

Mui Ca Mau Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2009
Periodic reviews: /

Langbiang Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2015
Periodic reviews: /

 

Vanuatu

MAB Focal point:
Mr. Ernest Bani
Environment Unit, Department of Foreign Affairs
Email: environment@vanuatu.gov.vu