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Kiunga Biosphere Reserve, Kenya

Kiunga was designated as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1980.  It is situated in the South Eastern part of Kenya’s coastal strip.  It is located in Lamu county of Kenya. The vegetation consists mainly of shrubs. Some of the areas have mangrove forests. The coastal strip has sandy beaches with sand dunes, which provide the source of clean water in the area. The islands consist of coral reefs and organic debris. 
The Biosphere Reserve hosts a number of sea birds, turtles and dugongs.  Government agencies like the Water Resources Management Authority (WARMA) in collaboration with the county government are involved in the protection of water catchment areas

Designation date: 1980


Regional network:  AfriMAB

Ecosystem-based network: 




    Surface : 706,851.39 ha

    • Core area(s): 99,147.786 ha
    • Buffer zone(s): 173,666.017 ha
    • Transition zone(s): 438,037.587 ha

    Location: N/A

    Administrative Authorities

    Senior Warden, Kenya Wildlife Service

    Secretary General
    P.O. Box: 69
    Naromoru, Kenya

    Tel.: 0722279502


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    Ecological Characteristics



    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    In the past decade, the local economy has witness some positive developments. With its coral reefs, sand dunes and opportunities for water sports, tourism has increased, especially ecotourism since it was declared a Biosphere Reserve.

    Other activities include fishing, forestry, agriculture, beekeeping, as well as manufactoring and construction-related activities.


     Back to Biosphere Reserves in Kenya
     Back to Biosphere Reserves in Africa 
     Back to World Network of Biosphere Reserves

    Last updated: January 2019