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Biosphere reserves in Africa

There are 79 biosphere reserves in 29 countries in Africa.

Countries
Biosphere Reserve
 
Year of designation
Periodic Reviews
ALGERIA*  
 
BENIN  
3 biosphere reserves Pendjari   1986 1999; 2015
  'W' Region. Transboundary Biosphere Reserve (Benin/Burkina Faso/Niger). Région "W" du Niger established 1996, extensions in Benin and Burkina Faso as a TBR in 2002   2002 2014 (joint report); 2017 (national report)
  Mono Transboundary Biosphere Reserve (Benin/Togo)   2017  
 
BURKINA FASO  
3 biosphere reserves Mare aux hippopotames   1986 1998; 2016
  'W' Region. Transboundary Biosphere Reserve (Benin/Burkina Faso/Niger). Région "W" du Niger established 1996, extensions in Benin and Burkina Faso as a TBR in 2002   2002 2014 (joint report); 2016 (national report)
  Arly   2018  
 
CAMEROON  
3 biosphere reserves Waza   1979 2006; 2016
  Benoué   1981 2006; 2016
  Dja   1981 2006; 2017
 
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC  
1 Biosphere Reserve Basse-Lobaye   1977  
  Bamingui-Bangoran   1979. Withdrawn in 2019  
 
CONGO  
2 biosphere reserves Odzala   1977 2017
  Dimonika   1988 2017
 
DEMOCRATIC REP.OF CONGO  
3 biosphere reserves Yangambi   1976 1998; 2016
  Luki   1976 1998; 2005
  Lufira   1982 1998; 2016
 
COTE D'IVOIRE  
2 biosphere reserves Taï   1977 1999
  Comoé   1983 1999, 2010
 
EGYPT*  
 
ESWATINI  
1 Biosphere Reserve Lubombo   2019  
 
ETHIOPIA  
5 biosphere reserves Kafa   2010  
  Yayu   2010  
  Sheka   2012  
  Lake Tana   2015  
  Majang Forest   2017  
 
GABON  
1 Biosphere Reserve Ipassa-Makokou   1983 1998
 
GHANA  
3 biosphere reserves Bia   1983 1998; 2017
  Songor   2011  
  Lake Bosomtwe   2016  
 
GUINEA  
4 biosphere reserves Mont Nimba   1980 2004
  Massif du Ziama   1980 2004
  Badiar   2002  
  Haut Niger   2002  
 
GUINEA-BISSAU  
1 Biosphere Reserve Boloma Bijagós   1996 2015
 
KENYA  
6 biosphere reserves Mount Kenya   1978 2016
  Mount Kulal   1978 2011
  Malindi-Watamu-Arabuko-Sokoke (extended in 2019)   1979 2016
  Kiunga   1980 2016
  Amboseli   1991 2003; 2017
  Mount Elgon   2003 2017
 
MADAGASCAR  
5 biosphere reserves Mananara Nord   1990 2012
  Sahamalaza-Iles Radama   2001 2012
  Littoral de Toliara   2003  
  Belo-sur-Mer—Kirindy-Mite   2016  
  Tsimanampesotse - Nosy Ve Androka   2018  
 
MALAWI  
2 biosphere reserves Mount Mulanje   2000 2014
  Lake Chilwa Wetland   2006  
 
MALI  
1 Biosphere Reserve Boucle du Baoulé   1982 1998, 2013
 
MAURITANIA*  
 
MAURITIUS  
1 Biosphere Reserve Macchabee/Bel Ombre   1977 1998
MOROCCO*  
 
MOZAMBIQUE  
1 Biosphere Reserve Quirimbas   2018  
 
NIGER  
3 biosphere reserves Aïr et Ténéré   1997 2009
  'W' Region. Transboundary Biosphere Reserve (Benin/Burkina Faso/Niger). Région "W" du Niger established 1996, extensions in Benin and Burkina Faso as a TBR in 2002   2002 2013; 2014 (joint report)
  Gadabedji   2017  
 
NIGERIA  
1 Biosphere Reserve Omo   1977 1998; 2012
 
RWANDA  
1 Biosphere Reserve Volcans   1983  
 
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE  
1 Biosphere Reserve The Island of Principe   2012  
 
SENEGAL  
5 biosphere reserves Samba Dia   1979 1999; 2015
  Delta du Saloum   1980 1999; 2015
  Niokolo-Koba   1981 1999
  Delta du Fleuve Sénégal Transboundary Biosphere Reserve (Mauritania/Senegal)   2005  
  Ferlo   2012  
 
SOUTH AFRICA  
10 biosphere reserves Kogelberg   1998 2010
  Cape West Coast. (Extended in 2003)   2000 2016
  Waterberg   2001 2013
  Kruger to Canyons   2001 2013
  Cape Winelands   2007  
  Vhembe   2009  
  Gouritz Cluster   2015  
  Magaliesberg   2015  
  Garden Route   2017  
  Marico   2018  
 
SUDAN*  
 
UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA  
5 biosphere reserves Lake Manyara (Extended in 2017)   1981 2017
  Serengeti-Ngorongoro (Extended in 2017)   1981 2017
  East Usambara (Extended in 2017)   2000 2017
  Jozani-Chwaka Bay   2016  
  Gombe Masito Ugalla   2018  
 
TOGO  
2 biosphere reserves Oti-Kéran/Oti-Mandouri   2011  
  Mono Transboundary Biosphere Reserve (Benin/Togo)   2017  
 
TUNISIA*  
 
UGANDA  
2 biosphere reserves Queen Elizabeth   1979 1998, 2011
  Mount Elgon   2005  
 
ZIMBABWE  
1 Biosphere Reserve Middle Zambezi   2010  

 

*African countries that are part of the Arab States
Last updated: June 2019

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Angola

MAB Focal point:
Ms Maria Helena António Lôa
Ministry of Urbanism and Environment
National Direction of Nature Resource
E-mail: minua@snet.co.ao

 

Benin

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Ir. Comlan Aristide Tehou
Coordinateur et Point Focal du Comité MAB Benin
Centre National de Gestion des Réserves de Faune (CENAGREF)
E-mail: tehouaristide@yahoo.fr

There are 3 biosphere reserves in Benin:

Pendjari Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1986
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2015

'W' Region Transboundary Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2002 (Transboundary BR with Burkina Faso and Niger)
Periodic reviews: 2014 (joint report), 2017 (national report)

Mono Transboundary Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2017 (Transboundary BR with Togo)
Periodic reviews: /

 

 

Burkina Faso

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Dr. Ollo Théophile Dibloni
Chargé de recherche en Biologie et Ecologie Animales
Chef de département environnement et Forêt (INERAT/CNRST)
E-mail: dibloni.o@gmail.com

There are 3 biosphere reserves in Burkina Faso:

Mare aux Hippopotames Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1986
Periodic reviews: 1998 and 2016

'W' Region Transboundary Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2002 (Transboundary BR with Benin and Niger)
Periodic reviews: 2014 (joint report), 2016 (national report)

Arly Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

 

 

Burundi

MAB Focal point:
Secrétariat Permanent de la Commission Nationale pour l'UNESCO
Ministère de l'Education Nationale
E-mail: cnu@cbing.com

 

Cameroon

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
M. Hessana Djibrila
Sous-directeur des Aires Protégées
Ministère des Forêts et de la Faune
E-mail: djihessa@yahoo.fr

There are 3 biosphere reserves in Cameroon:

Waza Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1979
Periodic reviews: 2006 and 2016

Bénoué Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1981
Periodic reviews: 2006 and 2016

Dja Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1981
Periodic reviews: 2006 and 2017

 

 

Central African Republic

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
M. Georges Ngasse
Rapporteur Général
Ministère des Eaux, Forêts, Chasse et Pêche
E-mail: ngassegeorges@yahoo.fr

There is 1 biosphere reserve in the Central African Republic:

Basse-Lobaye Biosphere Reserve Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1977
Periodic reviews: /

 

 

Chad

MAB Focal point:
M. Benoudjita Djassiara
Commission Nationale Tchadienne pour l'UNESCO
Comités Spécialisés Scientifiques

 

Congo

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
M. Marius Issanga-Ngamissimi
Secretary General

 

There are 2 biosphere reserves in Congo:

Odzala Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1977
Periodic reviews: 2017

Dimonika Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1988
Periodic reviews: 2017

 

 

Democratic Republic of Congo

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
M. René-Médard Bakenga Mbaya
Directeur Chef de Service
Programmation, Formation et Relations Internationales
E-mail: mdardbak@yahoo.fr

There are 3 biosphere reserves in the Democratic Republic of Congo:

Yangambi Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1976
Periodic reviews: 1998 and 2016

Luki Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1976
Periodic reviews: 1998 and 2005

Lufira Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1982
Periodic reviews: 1998 and 2016

 

 

Côte d'Ivoire

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Dr. Martine Tahoux Touao
Directrice
Centre de Recherche en Ecologie (CRE)
E-mail: mtahoux@yahoo.fr

There are 2 biosphere reserves in Côte d'Ivoire:

Taï Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1977
Periodic reviews: 1999

Comoé Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1983
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2010

 

 

Eswatini

Focal point for biosphere reserves:

There is 1 biosphere reserve in Eswatini:

Lubombo Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2019
Periodic reviews: /

 

Ethiopia

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Mr. Yoseph Girma
Chairperson
Ethiopian Science and Technology Agency
E-mail: estcagri@yahoo.com

There are 5 biosphere reserves in Ethiopia:

Kafa Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2010
Periodic reviews: /

Yayu Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2010
Periodic reviews: /

Sheka Forest Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2012
Periodic reviews: /

Lake Tana Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2015
Periodic reviews: /

Majang Forest Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2017
Periodic reviews: /

 

 

Gabon

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
M. Ludovic Ngok Banak
Directeur de l'IRED
E-mail: ngokbl@yahoo.fr

There is 1 biosphere reserve in Gabon:

Ipassa-Makokou Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1983
Periodic reviews: 1998

 

 

Gambia

MAB Focal point:
Mr. Alpha O Jallow 
Parks and Wildlife Management
E-mail: alphaojay@gmail.com 

 

Ghana

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Mr. Peter Sarkodie
Executive Director

Environmental Protection Agency
E-mail: peter.sarkodie@epa.gov.gh

Mrs. Sheila Ashong 
Technical Secretary
Environmental Protection Agency
E-mail: sheila.ashong@epa.gov.gh and sashong@gmail.com  

Mr. Eric Lartey
Ghana Wildlife Society

Prof. Gabriel K. Ameka
Department of Plant and Environmental Biology

Prof. Akwasi Asabere-Ameyaw
Methodist University

Mr. Humphrey A. Kuma
Ministry of Tourism 

Dr. Isaac F. Mensa-Bonsu
National Developemnt Planning Commission

Dr. Richard Coffie
Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

Dr. E. M. Attua
Dept. of Geography and Resource Development
University of Ghana

Ms. Esi Biney
Water Resources Commission 

Dr. G. J. Anim-Kwapong
Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana, CRIG

Dr. Denis Aheto
University of Cape Coast 

Prof. W. A. Asomaning
Department of Chemistry 
University of Ghana, Legon
    
Mr. Kofi Ameyaw  Kwakye
Forest Services Division, Forestry Commission

Dr. Steve Adu-Bredu
Forestry Research Institute, FORIG

Prof. William Oduro
Faculty of Renewable Natural Resources
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

Mr. Ebenezer Appah-Sampong
Environmental Protection Agency

Mrs. Sandra Frempong
Wildlife Division
Forestry Commission 

Mr. Apollonius Asare
Ghana National Commission for UNESCO
Ministry of Education, Science and Sports

Dr. J. O Fening
Soil Research Institute

Mr. Carl Fiati
Environmental Protection Agency

Mr. Richard Ofori Amanfo
Bia Biosphere Reserve Site Manager 

Mr. Dickson Agyemang
Songor Biosphere Reserve Site Manager
Wildlife Division

Mr. Alex Akwoviah
Protected Area Management and Conflict Resolution Specialist

Ms Dufie Bremang Wiredu
Manager, Lake Bosomtwe Biosphere Reserve

Conrad Weobong
University for Development Studies
 

There are 3 biosphere reserves in Ghana:

Bia Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1983
Periodic reviews: 1998

Songor Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2011
Periodic reviews: 1998

Lake Bosomtwe Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2016
Periodic reviews: 1998

 

 

Guinea

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
M. Mamoudou Diakité
Permanent Secretary DNRST
E-mail: mamoudoudiakite@yahoo.fr

There are 4 biosphere reserves in Guinea:

Monts Nimba Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1980
Periodic reviews: 2004 and 2017

Massif du Ziama Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1980
Periodic reviews: 2004 and 2017

Badiar Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2002
Periodic reviews: 2015

Haut Niger Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2002
Periodic reviews: 2015

 

 

Guinea - Bissau

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
M. Alfredo Simão da Silva
Directeur de l'Institut de la Biodiversité et des Aires Protégées (IBAP)
E-mail: alfredo.dasilva@iucn.org and asdasilva@eguitel.com

There is 1 biosphere reserve in Guinea - Bissau:

Boloma-Bijagós Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1996
Periodic reviews: 2015

 

 

Kenya

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Dr. James Gichia Njogu
Head of Conventions and Research Authorization
Kenya Wildlife Service
E-mail: jgichia@kws.go.ke

There are 6 biosphere reserves in Kenya:

Mount Kenya Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1978
Periodic reviews: 2011

Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1978
Periodic reviews: 2016

Malindi Watamu Arabuko Sokoke Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1979 (extended in 2019)
Periodic reviews: 2016

Kiunga
Designated in 1980
Periodic reviews: 2016

Amboseli Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1991
Periodic reviews: 2003 and 2017

Mount Elgon Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2003
Periodic reviews: 2017

 

 

Lesotho

MAB Focal point:
Mr Thulo Qhotsokoane
Department of Environment
E-mail: qhotsokoanesabsp@ilesotho.com  

 

Madagascar

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Dr. Claudine Ramiarison
Directeur Général de la Recherche et du Partenariat
Ministère de l'Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche Scientifique
E-mail: ramiaris@moov.mg

There are 5 biosphere reserves in Madagascar:

Mananara Nord Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1990
Periodic reviews: 2012

Sahamalaza - Iles Radama Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2001
Periodic reviews: 2012

Littoral de Toliara Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2003
Periodic reviews: /

Belo-sur-Mer Kirindy-Mite Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2016
Periodic reviews: /

Tsimanampesotse - Nosy Ve Androka Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

 

 

Malawi

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Dr. Eston Y. Sambo
University of Malawi
E-mail: esambo@cc.ac.mw

There are 2 biosphere reserves in Malawi:

Mount Mulanje Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2000
Periodic reviews: 2014

Lake Chilwa Wetland Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2006
Periodic reviews: /

 

 

Mali

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
M. Bourouma Niagaté
Directeur
Parc National Boucle du Baoulé
E-mail: niagate@yahoo.fr

There is 1 biosphere reserve in Mali:

Boucle du Baoulé Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1982
Periodic reviews: 1998 and 2013

 

 

Mauritius

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Mr. Vineshwar Sharma Gopal
Senior Scientific Officer
National Parks and Conservation Service
E-mail: svsgopal@gmail.com

There is 1 biosphere reserve in Mauritius:

Macchabee/Bel Ombre Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1977
Periodic reviews: 1998 

 

 

Mozambique

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
 

 

There is 1 biosphere reserve in Mozambique:

Quirimbas Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

 

 

Niger

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
M. Ali Harouna
Ministère de l'hydraulique de l'environnement et de la lutte contre la désertification
Directeur de la Faune, de la pêche et de la pisciculture
E-mail: faune@intnet.ne and biosecu@intnet.ne

There are 3 biosphere reserves in Niger:

'W' Region Transboundary Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1996 (since 2002 a Transboundary BR with Benin and Burkina Faso)
Periodic reviews: 2013 (national report), 2014 (joint report)

Aïr et Ténéré Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1997
Periodic reviews: 2009

Gadabedji Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2017
Periodic reviews: /

 

Nigeria

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Mr. Adeshola Olatunde Adepoju
Executive Director
Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria
E-mail: soadepoju2005@gmail.com and adepoju.ao@frin.gov.ng

There is 1 biosphere reserve in Nigeria:

Omo Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1977
Periodic reviews: 1998 and 2012

 

 

Rwanda

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Mrs. Rose Mukankomeje
Directeur General
Rwanda Environnemental Management Authority
E-mail: dgrema@gmail.com 

There is 1 biosphere reserve in Rwanda:

Volcans Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1983
Periodic reviews: 2018

 

 

São Tomé and Principe

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
 

 

There is 1 biosphere reserve in São Tomé and Principe:

Island of Principe Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2012
Periodic reviews: /

 

 

Senegal

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Dr. Daouda Ngom
Ministère de la Recherche Scientifique
E-mail: ngom_daouda@yahoo.fr

There are 5 biosphere reserves in Senegal:

Samba Dia Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1979
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2015

Delta du Saloum Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1980
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2015

Niokolo-Koba Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1981
Periodic reviews: 1999 and 2018

Delta du Fleuve Sénégal Transboundary Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2005 (Transboundary BR with Mauritania)
Periodic reviews: /

Ferlo
Designated in 2012
Periodic reviews: /

 

Seychelles

MAB Focal point:
Mrs. Marie-May Jeremie Muzungaile
Director General, Biodiversity Conservation and Management Division 
Ministry of Environment Energy and Climate Change, 
Email: m.mjeremiemuzungaile@env.gov.sc   

 

Sierra Leone

MAB Focal point:
Ministry of Youth, Education, and Sports
E-mail: bis-h@hotmail.com 
 

 

South Africa

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Mr. Caiphus Ernest Khumalo
Director: Protected Areas Governance
Department of Environmental Affairs
E-mail: ckhumalo@environment.gov.za

There are 10 biosphere reserves in South Africa:

Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1998
Periodic reviews: 2010

Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2000 (extended in 2003)
Periodic reviews: 2016

Waterberg Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2001
Periodic reviews: 2013

Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2001
Periodic reviews: 2013

Cape Winelands Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2007
Periodic reviews: 2018

Vhembe Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2009
Periodic reviews: /

Gouritz Cluster Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2015
Periodic reviews: /

Magaliesberg Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2015
Periodic reviews: /

Garden Route Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2017
Periodic reviews: /

Marico Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

 

Tanzania

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Mrs. Rose Sallema Mtui
Head of Environmental Research Coordination
National Environment Management Council
E-mail: rose.mtui@nemc.or.tz

There are 5 biosphere reserves in Tanzania:

Lake Manyara Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1981 (extended in 2017)
Periodic reviews: 2017

Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1981 (extended in 2017)
Periodic reviews: 2017

East Usambara Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2000 (extended in 2017)
Periodic reviews: 2017

Jozani - Chwaka Bay Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2016
Periodic reviews: /

Gombe Masito Ugalla Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2018
Periodic reviews: /

 

Togo

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Mr. Yaovi Nuto
Chef de département gestion de l’eau et de l’Environnement
Ecole supérieure des techniques biologiques et alimentaires
E-mail: n.yaovi@yahoo.com

There are 2 biosphere reserves in Togo:

Complexe Oti-Kéran / Oti-Mandouri Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2011
Periodic reviews: /

Mono Transboundary Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2017 (Transboundary BR with Benin)
Periodic reviews: /

 

Uganda

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Mr. Augustine Omare-Okurut
Secretary-General
Uganda National Commission for UNESCO
E-mail: aomare@unesco-uganda.ug

There are 2 biosphere reserves in Uganda:

Queen Elizabeth Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 1979
Periodic reviews: 1998 and 2011

Mount Elgon Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2005
Periodic reviews: 2018

 

Zambia

MAB Focal point:
Dr. W.N.M. Mwenya
Chairperson
National Science and Technology Council
E-mail: wnmmwenya@zamnet.zm  

 

Zimbabwe

Focal point for biosphere reserves:
Prof. C.H.D. Magadza
Chairperson
University of Zimbabwe
 

There is 1 biosphere reserve in Zimbabwe:

Middle Zambezi Biosphere Reserve
Designated in 2010
Periodic reviews: /