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Velebit Mountain Biosphere Reserve, Croatia

This biosphere reserve is located in the large mountain area of Mount Velebit at the Adriatic Sea. With an altitude ranging from 0 to 1,757 meters above sea level, the area represents a 145 km long and 10-30 km wide stretch of karst landscape.

Designation date: 1977


Regional network:  EuroMab

Ecosystem-based network: Global Change in Mountain Regions (GLOCHAMORE) and Global and Climate Change in Mountain Sites (GLOCHAMOST)  



    Surface : 200,000 ha

    • Core area(s): 200,000 ha
    • Buffer zone(s): N/A
    • Transition zone(s): N/A

    Location: N/A

    Administrative Authorities

    Ms Ana Brkljačić
    "Velebit" Nature Park
    Kaniža Gospićka 4b
    Tel.: (385.53) 560 450

    Ms Katarina Blažević
    Conservation manager
    "Northern Velebit" National Park
    Krasno 96
    53274 Krasno
    Tel.: (385.53) 665 381

    Mr Dr. sc. Gordan Lukač
    Conservation manager
    "Paklenica" National Park
    Dr. Franje Tuđmana 14a
    23 244 Starigrad-Paklenica
    Tel.: (385.23) 369 155

    Ecological Characteristics

    The maritime slope is barren karst, whereas woodlands cover the central mountain ranges and the Lika slope. Habitat diversity is very rich, comprising pine (Pinus halepensis) woodlands, submediterranean shrub (Paliurus spina-christi, Carpinus orientalis), beech (Fagussylvatica) woods, fir and beech woods (Abies alba), pine woods (Pinus nigra), subalpine beech woods and subalpine meadows.





    Socio-Economic Characteristics

    About 20,000 people live within the biosphere reserve (2003). Communities on the maritime side of the biosphere reserve are oriented towards tourism, fishing, traditional agriculture and services within the Velebit Nature Park.

    Communities on the northern side of Velebit make their living mainly from agriculture, small enterprises, hunting and logging. Scientists and visitors will agree that the most valuable natural landmarks of Velebit include the caves called Cerovacke pecine (southern Velebit) and a pit called Lukina jama (northern Velebit). Many smaller caves and pits and a number of important geomorphologic objects (Kiza, Tulove grede, kuk Stapina etc.) and hydrological
    objects (the spring and course of the Zrmanja etc.) are also of interest. A visitors center of the Paklenica National Park welcomes tourists and provides environmental education and information on the natural history of Velebit Mountain.


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    Last updated: August 2019