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Julian Alps Biosphere Reserve, Slovenia

The boundary of this biosphere reserve runs along the State border between Slovenia and Italy. It is an area of alpine mountains and karst plateaux, with an alpine climate characterised by cold winters and short summers, although the valleys opening towards the Mediterranean region to the south have milder climatic conditions.

Designation date: 2003

Photo gallery ǀ  Press release


Regional network: EuroMAB

Ecosystem-based network:



    Surface :
    195,723 ha

    • Core area(s) : 55,332 ha
    • Buffer zone(s) : 28,475 ha
    • Tansition zone(s): 111,723 ha

    Location: 46º 9' - 46º 30' N; 13º 27' - 14º 11' E

    Administrative authorities

    Triglavski narodni park (Triglav National Park)
    Kidriceva 2
    SLO-4260 Bled

    Tel: (386 4) 5780 200

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    Ecological Characteristics

    The biosphere reserve consists of the Triglav National Park and the surrounding region. In the core area and the buffer zone, there are 25 settlements with some 2000 inhabitants. The transition area comes under three main municipalities (Kobarid, Bled, Bohinj) and has 33,700 permanent inhabitants.

    The fundamental role of the biosphere reserve is to reconcile the protection of the rich biological values and landscape diversity with sustainable uses (agriculture, forestry, dairy farming, fishing, water management, cheese production, tourism).

    Socio-economic characteristics

    The development role is implemented with local communities, associations and clubs. Possibilities include: new jobs for local inhabitants, organic farming, sustainable forms of tourism, production and processing of typical foods and crafts, establishing local associations to carry out programmes in forestry, wood processing, transport, tourism, special crafts and organic farming.



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    Last updated: February 2020