National Safety Mechanisms

Every day, journalists and media across the globe face attacks and harassment for bringing information to the public. Impunity for these crimes is considered as one of the major obstacles for freedom of expression and freedom of information. The holistic approach of the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity is also applied to the national level, where it encourages the establishment as well as strengthening of nationwide mechanisms for the prevention and punishment of attacks on journalists, and for their protection in the face of threats.

The development and implementation of nationally owned protection mechanisms for preventing attacks against journalists and combating impunity ensures a concrete focus on these issues from local legal actors. Initiatives include special investigative units, independent commissions, special prosecutors as well as mechanisms to gather information and provide rapid response. Implementation is taking place in countries such as Afghanistan, Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Iraq, Mexico, Pakistan, Serbia and South Sudan.