Taytu Betul (c.1851–1918) was a formidable queen and empress of Ethiopia. An astute diplomat, she proved to be a key figure in thwarting Italian imperialist designs on Ethiopia.

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Which crucial role(s) did Ethiopian women play in the Battle of Adwa?

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They also provided men with water on the battlefield, offering them encouragement, and treated wounded soldiers. Ethiopian women would also play key military roles in the resistance against Italian fascism, 1935-41.

What did Article 17 of the Italian version of the Treaty of Wuchale state?

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This was a clear indication of Italian imperialist intentions in the region.

How did Taytu increase her power and influence as Empress?

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By 1900, she was said to control over half of the country.

Which of the following did political marriage among the Ethiopian nobility seek to achieve?

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Women were able to play a prominent role in political marriage, and thereby achieved a certain measure of power.

Which of the following were aspects of Ethiopia’s modernization under Taytu and Menelik II?

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This period also saw the first hotel, postal service and cinema.

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Which of the following did political marriage among the Ethiopian nobility seek to achieve? To forge alliances, blunt threats and heal old wounds
How did Taytu increase her power and influence as Empress? By creating an intricate, broad web of marriage alliances, which saw her family members placed in positions of power
What did Article 17 of the Italian version of the Treaty of Wuchale state? That the Ethiopian King of Kings was obliged to go through the Italian government in any negotiations or business he may have with foreign powers or governments
Which crucial role(s) did Ethiopian women play in the Battle of Adwa? They prepared provisions for the entire campaign, which they were responsible for carrying over long distances to the battlefield
Which of the following were aspects of Ethiopia’s modernization under Taytu and Menelik II? A railway line between Djibouti and Dire Dawa, improved roads, stone bridges, the telegram and the telephone, and the first hospital