Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti (1900–1978) was a leading activist during Nigerian women’s anti-colonial struggles. She founded the Abeokuta Women’s Union, one of the most impressive women’s organizations of the twentieth century (with a membership estimated to have reached up to 20,000 women), which fought to protect and further the rights of women.

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Why was the Alake forced to abdicate?

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Although the Alake was reinstated shortly after, he would never receive the support of Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti.

What were some of the most important features of the Abeokuta Women’s Union under the leadership of Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti?

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Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti also insisted on the importance of the Yoruba language when addressing Yoruba women, and on wearing Yoruba dress.

In which way(s) did the British colonial system of ‘indirect rule’ affect women in southern Nigeria?

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Nigerian women would have to fight to regain the rights they lost during the colonial period.

What was the importance of the Women’s War of 1929 for women across southern Nigeria?

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The Women’s War resulted in the abolition of the warrant chief system of indirect rule in the southeast of Nigeria.

Which of the following consequences of the Second World War did Yoruba women have to contend with?

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Price-setting for market goods was one of the areas which Yoruba women had formerly controlled.

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In which way(s) did the British colonial system of ‘indirect rule’ affect women in southern Nigeria? In granting wider powers to select individuals - all men - it deprived women of forms of political representation that they had once enjoyed.
What was the importance of the Women’s War of 1929 for women across southern Nigeria? It was the first organized women’s movement in Nigeria that transcended its local setting. Women in other parts of the region would see the possibility of fighting colonial oppression through collective organization
What were some of the most important features of the Abeokuta Women’s Union under the leadership of Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti? The active inclusion of all women in leadership and membership structures, irrespective of class; transparency; focus on female literacy and education; solidarity with all anti-colonial policies
Which of the following consequences of the Second World War did Yoruba women have to contend with? External price controls and food quotas.
Why was the Alake forced to abdicate? Continued protests organized by Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti and the AWU against his collaboration with the British colonial government had made his position untenable