Building peace in the minds of men and women

Reporting under SDG indicator 6.5.2




Third reporting round of the SDG indicator 6.5.2.

In 2023, the third reporting round of SDG indicator 6.5.2 monitoring will take place. Countries sharing transboundary waters (rivers, lakes and aquifers) will be invited to submit their national reports by 30 June 2023 to UNESCO and UNECE, co-custodian agencies. The SDG 6.5.2 monitoring is undertaken in the framework of the Integrated Monitoring Initiative for SDG 6 coordinated by UN-Water. The reporting template from the third reporting exercise 2023 is available in: English, French, Russian and Spanish.

For any request, please feel free to contact the co-custodian agencies helpdesks:


Over 80% of countries sharing transboundary waters engaged in the 2nd monitoring of SDG indicator 6.5.2. (2020-2021).

Despite the potential of transboundary water cooperation to support both “Water for All” (SDG6), and several other SDGs related to poverty, food, health, land and marine ecosystem, climate action, and peace and security, SDG indicator 6.5.2 data suggests that only 24 out of 153 countries have all theirs waters covered by operational arrangements. A major effort is therefore needed to accelerate progress.  

  • Where arrangements for transboundary water cooperation are lacking what can countries do to address any bottlenecks they face, and accelerate progress towards making those arrangements operational?
  • What concreate action can third parties, such as UN agencies, non-governmental organisations, academia, scientific and civil society groups, take to support countries in their efforts?
  • Where arrangements are not operational, are there certain factors of operationality, such as the holding of regular meetings or exchanging data, that can result in ‘quick wins’ that accelerate achievement of the SDG 6.5 target, i.e. implementing Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) at all levels by 2030?  
  • Read the latest report: Progress on transboundary water cooperation: global status of SDG indicator 6.5.2 and acceleration needs, 2021 - UNESCO Bibliothèque Numérique