New and innovative policies and strategies are needed to address the sustainable management of fresh water resource. The negative impacts of unsustainable water use on human population and ecosystems have created a growing movement toward a greening of water management and law. The goal is to find a balance between water for human and economics-based demands and water for maintaining ecosystem integrity and environment sustainability. This balance entails reconciling the seemingly disparate goals of socio-economic development and environmental protection and conservation. The purpose of this focal area is to predict and plan for water scarcity by developing alternative and non-conventional water resources.