Encouraging ratification of UNESCO’s normative instruments is one of the main components of the Strategy on standard-setting instruments in the field of education.
New ratifications of the Convention against Discrimination in Education are welcomed as a step towards universal ratification. Higher global rates of ratification assist in creating a community of States Parties sharing the same norms and standards. As a result, this will contribute to making UNESCO’s instruments form the overarching framework of the Organizations’ work in the field of education.
What is ratification?
By signing a convention or treaty, the State endorses its principles; by ratifying it, the State commits to be legally bound by it. Usually, this involves the legal obligation for the ratifying States to apply the Convention by incorporating its provisions in their national constitutions or domestic laws.
In some States, signature and ratification occur simultaneously.
UNESCO’s will be shortly launching a new ratification campaign to urge States that are not yet parties to the Convention against Discrimination in Education to take steps towards the ratification.
Why ratify the Convention against Discrimination in Education now?
This Convention, which expresses the fundamental principles of non-discrimination and equality of educational opportunities, covers the right to education comprehensively and is recognized by UNESCO as a cornerstone of the Education 2030 Agenda.
- Shows the adherence of the country to rights set forth by the Convention, including the fundamental principles of non-discrimination, equality of treatment and of educational opportunities
- Ensures the respect of all rights laid down in the Convention
- Joins the community of States that are already party to the Convention and adopt the same normative framework
- Participates in the strengthening of international norms and standards in education
- Gives higher visibility to the Convention, and raises awareness
- The Convention does not admit any reservation, meaning that ratifying States cannot decide to exclude certain aspects or provisions from the legal effect of the Convention; therefore, the Convention is fully applicable to all its State Parties.
Model instrument of ratification
- Download the Model based on the generic model prepared by UNESCO’s Office of International Standards and Legal Affairs
- Text of the Convention
- List of states parties
- Ten reasons why the Convention against Discrimination in Education is highly significant in today's world
- Monitoring: 10th Consultation on the Convention and Recommendation against Discrimination in Education.
- Significance of the Convention against Discrimination in Education
- Commentary on the Convention against Discrimination in Education
- Comparative analysis between UNESCO’s Convention against Discrimination in Education and Articles 13 and 14 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
- Implementing the right to education - A compendium of practical examples based on the seventh consultation of Member States on the application of the Convention and Recommendation against Discrimination in Education
- Extensive report on the results of the 8th Consultation on the Convention and Recommendation against Discrimination in Education
- Combating discrimination in education, Guidelines for the preparation of reports, Ninth consultation of Member States on the application of the Convention and Recommendation against Discrimination in Education
- Implementing the Right to Education. A Compendium of practical examples. Based on the Eighth Consultation of Member States on the implementation of the Convention and Recommendation against Discrimination in Education (2011-2013)
- Girls’ and Women’s Right to Education – Overview of the Measures Supporting the Right to Education for Girls and Women Reported on by Member States
- The Right to Education and the Teaching Profession
- The Right to Education for Persons with Disabilities – Overview of the Measures Supporting the Right to Education for Persons with Disabilities reported on by Member States
- Monitoring standard-setting instruments of UNESCO
- Report ‘Ensuring the right to equitable and inclusive quality education’ presenting the results of the 9th Consultation