Building peace in the minds of men and women

9th Consultation on the implementation of the Convention and Recommendation against Discrimination in Education

UNESCO regularly monitors the implementation of its standard-setting instruments through periodic consultations. UNESCO has so far conducted nine consultations.

By launching a consultation, UNESCO requests Members States to submit reports on the measures taken in order to implement the instruments (Conventions for countries that have ratified and Recommendations for all Member States).

The Convention and Recommendation, which celebrated their 55th anniversary in 2015, reflects UNESCO’s constitutional mission of instituting collaboration among nations to “advance the ideal of equality of educational opportunities without regard to race, sex or any distinctions, economic or social.”

The purpose of these instruments, a cornerstone of Education 2030 Agenda, is the elimination of discrimination in education alongside the adoption of concrete measures aimed at promoting equality of opportunities and treatment in this field. 

The monitoring of the right to education in the context of Education 2030 and the Sustainable Development Agenda is of crucial importance to guarantee government accountability and transparency.

Under Article VIII of the Constitution of UNESCO, Member States are required to submit a report on the legislative and administrative provisions they have adopted and on other measures taken to implement the conventions and recommendations.

In accordance with UNESCO procedures, Member States are requested to submit such reports every four years.

The purpose of reporting is to illustrate actions taken to implement the instruments, progress and difficulties encountered by Member States.


In February 2016, UNESCO Director-General requested Member States to submit national reports on the measures taken for the implementation of the two instruments.

An analytical report synthesizing the country reports was submitted to the Executive Board and the General Conference in October and November 2017

An extensive report on the results of the eight Consultation is available for information in 6 languages: Arabic, English, French, Spanish, Chinese, Russian


Guidelines for the Preparation of reports were prepared and approved by the Executive Board in October 2015.

These Guidelines provide necessary orientations for the preparation of the report.

The Recommendation is monitored in conjunction with the Convention. The reporting obligation under the provisions of Article VII of the Convention and of the Recommendation is the same.


UNESCO’s Member States are constitutionally obliged to report to the Organization on the implementation of UNESCO’s instruments. Participation in consultations also offers an opportunity to assess progress and identify challenges, build constructive dialogue with all stakeholders including civil society, and share good practices. 

The Global Observatory on the Right to Education is notably enriched by information provided in the context of national consultations.

A compendium of interesting practical examples in implementing the provisions of the Convention and the Recommendation based on the 8th consultation has been published.

The examples are taken from national State reports submitted to UNESCO and serve as an essential tool for information-sharing and advocacy in connection with the right to education.

In addition, based on the 8th Consultation, three thematic mappings were published:

More information

On the Convention and the Recommendation

On monitoring