This typical city of the Abbasid era erected on a Seleucid site occupied by Romans and Byzantines, had a strategic and symbolic significance for the Caliphs of Baghdad. It brought them closer to Damascus, marked their victory over Damascus Umayyad, and symbolized their supremacy over the large Islamic Empire. The city, located at a crossroads between Byzantium, Syria, and Mesopotamia, testifies of the artistic and cultural eclecticism at the origins of Islamic arts.
Great Mosque of Al-Rafiqa (also known as Al Mansour Mosque)
May 2014 - Built in 8th century A.D., the mosque contains a number of shrines of great reverence. The shrine to Uwais Alm-Qarani and Ammar Bin Yasser has been severely damaged. All three tombs, their minarets and a section of the linking arcaded precinct have been destroyed. Remnants of the walls of the eastern tomb and some of the precinct are still standing, though they were likely damaged by explosions in the vicinity.