Ebla (Tell Mardikh)

Ebla, excavations in the courtyard of the Royal Palace-nov-2013.jpg

Images showing illegal excavation activities in Ebla © DGAM 2014

Ebla is one of the most extensive archaeological sites from the Bronze Age in western Syria. Excavations, started in 1965, contributed to the enhancement of our understanding of the roots of the urban civilization of the 3rd millennium B.C. and of the Amorites Kingdoms of the first half of the 2nd millennium B.C. The discovery of Ebla’s archives opened new perspectives on the study of the ancient Syrian civilizations.

  • Intensive illegal digs and excavations using heavy machinery have been reported at the site.
  • At the Acropolis, random holes have been dug in the courtyards of the Royal Palace – especially around the archives room. The basalt staircase in the administrative suite of the Palace has been partially destroyed.  Other parts of the Palace have been vandalised.
  • Natural degradation has affected some walls that have typically been restored on an annual basis by the archaeological mission that has been working at the site.
  • The modern facilities of the site have been damaged.
  • Reports suggest an oil refinement facility has been errected just 400 metres to the west of the site.