Syria’s exceptional archaeological, urban and architectural heritage has been considerably damaged during the conflict, and has affected all six World Heritage Sites in Syria and eleven sites inscribed on UNESCO's Tentative List.
There is evidence that the World Heritage properties have been and are being used for military purposes, and subjected to direct shelling and targeted explosions, as well as extensive illicit excavations, construction violations and temporary human occupation. In many cases, local Syrian communities are playing an important role in efforts to protect their cultural heritage and fight illegal excavations.
All six sites in Syria that are on the World Heritage List have suffered damages during the conflict, as well as many of the sites on the World Heritage Tentative List.
Below is a brief assessment of the situation of built heritage sites in Syria.
World Heritage List
- Ancient City of Damascus (inscribed in 1979)
- Ancient City of Bosra (inscribed in 1980)
- Site of Palmyra (inscribed in 1980)
- Ancient City of Aleppo (inscribed in 1986)
- Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din (inscribed in 2006)
- Ancient villages of Northern Syria (Inscribed in 2011)
World Heritage Tentative List
- Norias of Hama
- Ugarit (Tell Shamra)
- Ebla (Tell Mardikh)
- Mari (Tell Hariri)
- Europos Dura
- Apamea (Afamia)
- A desert Castle: Qasr al-Hayr ach-Charqi
- Tartus: the Crusaders Citadel-City
- Raqqa-Ràfiqa: the Abassid City
- Arwad Island