The formulation and implementation of adequate science, technology and innovation (STI) policies is critical to tackling contemporary challenges, including global climate change; exploring of new energy sources and promoting sustainable management and conservation of freshwater.
- Strengthen institutional capacity for research and improve science education, including earth science, in particular at secondary and tertiary levels;
- Identify strategic areas for enhancing national and regional research capacity, infrastructure for engineering and innovation, and designing new institutional strategies at national and regional levels;
- enhance university-industry collaborations, technology transfer and entrepreneurship;
- develop globally comparable STI monitoring and analytical policy tools (GO-SPIN and STIGAP);
- ensure effective implementation of the Barbados Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
UNESCO is working to develop and promote global monitoring and analysis of STI policies and strategies, as well as to improve the interface between science and policy, notably in Africa, least development countries (LDCs) and Small Island developing states (SIDS). In this regard, UNESCO is assisting a wide range of countries around the world, in developing national science policies and indicators to assess the progress of investment in STI. UNESCO has also launched a web-based information system named the Global Observatory on Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Instruments (GO-SPIN), which provides up-to-date and comprehensive information on STI policies and best practices and stimulates cooperation between countries, particularly from the south.