Indicator SDG 9.5.2

Researchers (in full-time equivalents) per million inhabitants

In 2013, there were 1,083 researchers (in full-time equivalents) per million inhabitants, on average, compared to 952 per million in 2007.  Researcher density varied from 121 per million inhabitants in low-income countries to 3,814 per million in high-income countries. Women accounted for 28% of researchers worldwide, with wide variations.


For a breakdown of researchers by region, click here.

For a breakdown by country, click on the table of interest:

Tracking trends in innovation and mobility (Chapter 2 UNESCO Science Report 2015)

Is the Gender Gap narrowing in science and engineering? (Chapter 3, UNESCO Science Report 2015)


These blogs may also be of interest:

The UNESCO Institute for Statistics conducts R&D surveys in member states every year. Click here for a time series by country for various indicators