Researchers (in full-time equivalents) per million inhabitants
In 2013, there were 1,083 researchers (in full-time equivalents) per million inhabitants, on average, compared to 952 per million in 2007. Researcher density varied from 121 per million inhabitants in low-income countries to 3,814 per million in high-income countries. Women accounted for 28% of researchers worldwide, with wide variations.
For a breakdown of researchers by region, click here.
For a breakdown by country, click on the table of interest:
- Total researchers and per million inhabitants, 2009 and 2013
- Researchers by field of science, 2013 or closest year
- Percentage share of female researchers by country (map)
These blogs may also be of interest:
- Scientists have never been so mobile
- Women still a minority in engineering and computer science
- International scientific collaboration has become a must, says report
The UNESCO Institute for Statistics conducts R&D surveys in UNESCO member states every two years. The most recent survey took place in 2017, so these data should be online by early 2018. Click here for a time series by country for various indicators.