Corrigendum

The following errors have been identified in the print version of the UNESCO Science Report. They have been corrected in the online version of the report.

CHAPTER one: A WORLD IN SEARCH OF A GROWTH STRATEGY THAT WORKS
Page 24, footnote 6, Replace '…on track to achieve the target it shares with the EU of a 3% GERD/GDP ratio by 2020' By '…on track to achieve its target of a 2.5% GERD/GDP ratio by 2020'.
Page 29, Figure 1.2, y-axis, replace “1.91” (line for China) below the 1% mark by “0.91”.
On page 37, Figure 1.5, replace 13.7% by 13.8% and delete: ‘the region with the greatest share of publications: 39.3%.
Page 43, change the year in the second column of Table 1.6 from 2014 to 2013, to harmonize with the years given in the table heading, namely: Internet users per 100 population, 2008 and 2013.
Page 50, top of 2nd column, Replace 'and is on track to reach that of a 3% GERD/GDP ratio by 2020' by 'and is on track to reach that of a 2.5% GERD/GDP ratio by 2020'.

CHAPTER 2: TRENDS IN INNOVATION AND MOBILITY
On page 69, the subheading of the table in the green band at the top of the column has been accidentally duplicated. Replace 'Destination of projects in design, development and testing' by 'Destination of FDI projects in ICT infrastructure'.
Figure 2.12 on page 79: in the histogram showing the share of international doctoral students in individual host countries in 2012 (%), France is listed both on the bar for 42 and that for 29. The correct value for France is 42. The value of 29 on the graph should be attributed to the USA.

CHAPTER 3: IS THE GENDER GAP NARROWING IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING?
Replace the map on pages 88 and 89 (Figure 3.2) with this version.
Page 90: 2nd column, end of 2nd para, remove the speechmarks at the end of the para, after 61%.”
Page 96, under the subheading Arab States: a high share of female students, replace 'The countries with the highest proportion of female researchers are Bahrain, Brunei Darussalam and Sudan at around 40%' By 'The countries with the highest proportion of female researchers are Bahrain and Sudan, at around 40%.
Page 96, 2nd column, 2nd para: Replace 'In engineering, women make up over 70% of graduates in Oman' By 'In engineering, women make up 53% of graduates in Oman'.
Page 97, In the second sentence here, replace ‘science graduates’ by ‘engineering graduates’: Female representation in engineering is fairly high in sub-Saharan Africa in comparison with other regions. In Mozambique, Lesotho, Angola and South Africa, women make up between 28% (South Africa) and 34% (Mozambique) of science graduates.

CHAPTER 5: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Figure 5.7, page 143: in the line graph showing the survival rate of US start-ups the years covered in the heading should read 1977–2012. Idem for the List of Illustrations on page ix.
On page 155, replace: “Dr Springs holds a PhD in Organic Chemistry from Princeton University (USA)” by “Dr Springs holds a PhD in Organic Chemistry from the University of Texas at Austin (USA)”

CHAPTER 7: LATIN AMERICA
On page 223, Figure 8.9, the line for the Russian Federation has been drawn correctly but should be labelled 29 099 for the year 2014.

CHAPTER 8: BRAZIL
Bottom of page 221, add (see Figure 15.5) to give: the number of articles on nanoscience in Brazil rose from 5.5 to 9.2 per million inhabitants between 2009 and 2013 (see Figure 15.5).
On page 223, Figure 8.9, the line for the Russian Federation has been drawn correctly but should be labelled 29 099 for the year 2014.

CHAPTER 9: EUROPEAN UNION
Page 231, footnote number 1: Replace the current text by: All references to Kosovo should be understood in full compliance with United Nations Security Council resolution 1244 (1999). See Chapter 10.
Page 240, Table 9.4: replace “Fita” by “Fiat”.
Page 260, correct timespan in title to: Figure 9.10 Publication profiles in the European Union, 2008–2014
Insert subtitle for Figure 9.10: Cumulative totals by field, 2008–2014
Page 261, Correct timespan in title to: Figure 9.11: Publication performance in the European Union, 2008–2014
Page 261, Figure 9.11. The histogram in the middle has been redrawn using data for the period 2008–2012.
Page 263, Replace (circa € 5 billion) by circa € 6 billion)
Page 2693, In Box 9.5 replace the mention of Switzerland in the following sentence by Iceland, as shown: ‘It is likely that the UK would wish to remain an associated member of the European Research Area, like Norway and Iceland,’

CHAPTER 10: SOUTHEAST EUROPE
Page 284, 1st sentence, replace 'global recession' by 'global financial crisis'

CHAPTER 11: EFTA
Page 311, 1st column, Replace the first EC (2014) by EC (2014a) and the second EC (2014) by EC (2014b).

CHAPTER 14: CENTRAL ASIA
On page 369, in the second column of text, towards the end of the 2nd para, replace the reference to “(Figures 4 and 5)” by “(Figure 14.5)’.

CHAPTER 16: ISRAEL
Page 417, 2nd para, 2nd column: replace: 'Between 2008 and 2013, It dropped from' By 'Between 2008 and 2014, It dropped from'
Page 422: replace: 'reign in climate change' by 'rein in climate change'

CHAPTER 17: ARAB STATES
Photo, page 430, replace the source of the photo (Image: courtesy of Multivu.com) Image: courtesy of Dubai Futures Foundation
Page 435, replace 'In March 2014, the Council of Ministers of Higher Education and Scientific Research in the Arab World adopted the Arab Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation' By ' In March 2014, the Council of Ministers of Higher Educationand Scientific Research in the Arab World endorsed the draft Arab Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation'.
On page 439, in Figure 17.5, add an asterisk next to the country name for Libya and delete the source for Sudan at the bottom of the table.
Page 466, replace 'The Arab Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation adopted by the Council' By 'The draft Arab Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation endorsed by the Council'.
On page 439, in Figure 17.5, add an asterisk next to the country name for Libya and delete the source for Sudan at the bottom of the table.
Page 469, In the Annex, the correct name is the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, since the name of this body was changed in 2011 from Organisation of the Islamic Conference.
In Box 17.7 on the 3D project, credit the computer image on page 430 as follozw: Image courtesy of the Dubai Futures Foundation
In Box 17.7, change the year from 'permanent facilities in 2017' to 'permanent facilities in 2018'.
In the last para of Box 17.7, reword to read “Dubai is partnering with the Chinese firm WinSun Global on this project, along with leading architecture firms Gensler, Thornton Thomasetti and Syska Hennessy, the China State Construction Company and the firms eConstruct and Killa Design.’

CHAPTER 18: WEST AFRICA
Page 474, 2nd column, 1st para replace 'Africa’s Science and Technology Consolidated Plan of Action, 2006–2013' By ' Africa’s Science and Technology Consolidated Plan of Action, 2005–2014'.
On page 482, end of 2nd para, 'In recent years, South Africa has established bilateral agreements with Ghana, Mali and Nigeria to boost co-operation in science and technology (see Table 17.6)' by 'South Africa has established bilateral agreements with Ghana, Mali and Nigeria to boost co-operation in science and technology (see Table 20.6)'.
Page 491, replace the subtitle 'From one university to six' By 'From one university to five'.
Page 493: replace: 'build the Sheda Science and Technology Complex (SHESTCO) in Abuja within the Silicon Valley Project, which is developing a high-tech capability in ICTs,…' by 'implement the Silicon Valley Project at the Sheda Science and Technology Complex (SHESTCO) near Abuja, in order to develop a high-tech capability in ICTs,...'.

CHAPTER 19: EAST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
The UNESCO Institute for Statistics data were updated in late 2015. Three updates were overlooked in Table 19.5 on page 513, first column of data:
Line for Mozambique: replace 0.46-1 in the first column by 0.42-1
Line for Tanzania: replace 0.52-1 in the first column by 0.38-1, replace 7.6-1 in the 2nd column  by 7.7-1
Line for Zambia: replace 0.34-3 in the first column by 0.28-3
On page 515, Figure 19.8 replace 'Cumulative totals by field for countries which…' By 'Cumulative totals by field, 2008–2014, for countries which…'
Page 521, Figure 19.9, replace the current data for Tanzania (0.52) by 0.38.
Page 521, 2nd para under Figure 19.9 replace '(84% in 2012, see Figure 18.1)' By '(84% in 2012, see Figure 18.2)'.
On page 524, top of first column, insert a bullet before “institutionalizing linkages between relevant” (this is the first in a list).

CHAPTER 20: SOUTHERN AFRICA
On page 556, Table 20.6, remove the second asterisk from the country names and the corresponding note (**) at the bottom of the table. There should only be one asterisk and one note.
On page 559, replace the following text:
Consistently high economic growth
Tanzania’s socialist model of economic development was supplanted in the early 1990s by a multiparty parliamentary democracy which has ensured political stability ever since. An economic adjustment programme launched in the 1990s reduced state economic controls and nurtured the private sector; supported by the World Bank, the IMF and bilateral donors, this programme has contributed to average annual economic growth in Tanzania of between 6.0% and 7.8% since 2001 (Pahlavan, 2011).
By:
Consistently high economic growth
Tanzania has been a multiparty parliamentary democracy since the early 1990s. In common with much of Africa, growing indebtedness and falling commodity prices forced the country to adopt a series of IMF structural adjustment programmes from 1986 until the early 2000s. The country’s poor economic performance over this period prompted a progressive abandonment of neoliberalism. Economic indicators have since picked up, with growth averaging 6.0–7.8% per year since 2001.
On page 563, add the word ‘any’ to give:
Nevertheless, the most formidable obstacle of all to regional integration is probably the resistance of individual governments to relinquishing any national sovereignty.
On page 546, first column, replace the current flag by the flag of Angola.
On page 548, first column, replace the current flag by the flag of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

CHAPTER 21: SOUTH ASIA
On pages 585 and 586, inverse the flags of Maldives and Nepal, so that the right flag appears next to each country profile.

CHAPTER 23: CHINA
On page 633, Box 23.2, 2nd line of 2nd column, replace ‘virus’ by ‘viruses’ to give: with resistance to viruses, …

CHAPTER 24: JAPAN
In the photo caption on page 642, add the mention ‘Pictured here in 2007,’ before ‘ASIMO can run, walk…’
On page 652, in Figure 24.3, replace 23.4% by 25.4% for the percentage of women at university in 2013.
On p.653, replace ‘just writing academic papers is no longer regarded as inadequate’ by ‘just writing academic papers is no longer regarded as adequate".
On page 655, Box 24.2, replace: ‘All six Nobel prizes awarded to Japanese scientists since 2010’ By ‘All eight Nobel prizes awarded to Japanese scientists since 2010’

CHAPTER 25: REPUBLIC OF KOREA
On page 662, under the heading “High spending for low carbon, green growth”, replace ‘the number 5 refers to 5% of GERD to GDP by 2012’ by ‘the number 5 refers to a 5% GERD/GDP ratio by 2012’.
On page 670, end of first para, add “billion” to give: in 2008 to US$ 87.6 billion by 2013.

CHAPTER 27: SOUTHEAST ASIA
On page 713, replace the flag attributed to Myanmar with the current one.