On 7 September, 2015, Ms Irina Bokova, UNESCO Director-General met with the United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, Mr Jan Eliasson, after which they conducted a press conference. This meeting took place on the eve of the International Conference on the Protection of Victims of Ethnic and Religious Violence in the Middle East, being held in Paris on 8 September, 2015, jointly organised by the French and Jordanian Governments, in which the UNESCO Director-General will also participate.
This was an opportunity to discuss the systematic cultural cleansing afflicting societies in Syria and Iraq, through the destruction of heritage and illicit trafficking, as well as persecutions of communities on religious and ethnic grounds, led by violent extremists, and in the context of a rising humanitarian crisis, involving millions of refugees as well as Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs).
The Deputy Secretary-General and the Director-General discussed possible measures to counter the rise of violent extremism, including with young people, to strengthen the ground for living together in all societies, through education towards a global citizenship and enhancing knowledge about different cultures and about history. They also addressed steps taken to implement the UN Security Council Resolution 2199, as led forward by UNESCO with partners.
“All of this shows the humanitarian crisis cannot be separated from cultural cleansing,” said Irina Bokova. “These are part of the same strategic imperative and must stand at the heart of all efforts for peacebuilding. The cultural heritage and diversity of this region must be safeguarded for future peace, as part of the identity of all humanity.”
She highlighted here UNESCO’s work with Member States to raise awareness and strengthen action, including through the #Unite4Heritage social media campaign, as well as the importance of the mobilisation of the UN General Assembly, reflected in the Resolution approved in May on “Saving the Cultural Heritage of Iraq,” initiated by Germany and Iraq – with the strong support also of the Deputy-Secretary-General.
“I have come today to express solidarity and support to the actions of UNESCO, to say I stand fully behind all UNESCO’s efforts,” said UN Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson. “The destruction of humanity’s common heritage are crimes against all of humanity, and a denial of identity to future generations. I make a passionate appeal today for the preservation of this cultural heritage as an issue of our common identity.”
In this context, Jan Eliasson welcomed and congratulated the initiative of Foreign Ministers Laurent Fabius and Nasser Judeh, of France and Jordan, in organising the International Conference on the Protection of Victims of Ethnic and Religious Violence in the Middle East, on 8 September.
He underlined the impact of the crisis on Syria and Iraq, across the region as well as on Europe and the world, and said that his message will underline the need for a political strategy bringing together all relevant actions. He underlined the great responsibility of the UN Security Council in this respect and the rising expectations of world public opinion for action to be taken– including to support IDPs in Syria and Iraq and refugees across the region and further afield – and to chart a path towards a political solution, working with all States in the region.