Diversity Management in Africa: a continent's specificities to sustain resilient democracies
Who leads this initiative of intercultural dialogue ?
The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA). Established by the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations in 1958 as one of the UN's five regional commissions, ECA's mandate is to promote the economic and social development of its member States, foster intra-regional integration, and promote international cooperation for Africa's development.
What is this good practice about ?
This paper tackles the challenge of diversity management in Africa, a continent with countries that bear a very specific History, notably in terms of politics and fairly recent independence, as well as ancestral traditions. How to manage a cultural diversity that translates into so many different dimensions? Determining the property of the land, representing politically all the different clans, initiating dialogues between State leaders who lead the country and indigenous representatives who lead some communities?
How is this initiative contributing to intercultural dialogue? What challenge(s) does it tackle ? What is at stake?
This report illustrates how cultural diversity can be instrumentalised, driving to different types of discrimination that lead to what is called 'diversity-based conflicts'. Following those observations, it draws tangible examples how cultural diversity must be turned into an opportunity: it starts with equal rights for all, with contemporary democratic pillars that must also adapt to ancestral systems of governance in order to be fully equitable, respectful of all the citizens without any kind discrimination (clan, language, religion, value system, traditional models of land management and property, reconciliation, etc.)
Quote from the paper: There is little doubt that diversity management is indispensable for socioeconomic transformation. It is a requisite for nation-building, which entails integration of the different identity groups into a community of citizens under a shared system of institutions.
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