Inclusive and resilient societies

Equality, sustainability and efficiency


Inclusive and Resilient Societies explores the evolution of inequalities of different types and assesses their interaction with the Covid crisis across people, firms, and places. It shows how the impact of the pandemic varied widely, depending on whether and where people work, their gender, age, education, income levels, and the place they live in, and highlights how economic inequalities have expanded and left our societies with deep social scars. It discusses:

  • COVID-19 – how the crisis has exacerbated existing inequalities;
  • Reframing policies – recovery and resilience policies should reconstruct public goods and help restore the social contract;
  • Rebalancing economic and social objectives – policies must be designed for resilience, inclusion, and well-being;


ACCESS Policy Paper [PDF]