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Right to have Personal Health Budgets

Personal health budgets were introduced in England in 2014 (firstly as a pilot scheme) to engage with users of the National Health Service, with long-term conditions and disabilities, and give them greater control, over the healthcare they receive. These personal health budgets seek to place the user at the centre of decision-making and thus allow them to tailor resource allocation to their needs. The user and their healthcare team create a care plan stating their needs, the amount of resources available and their healthcare goals.

Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2015

The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) is a toolkit to support inclusive policy analysis and design. Adopted by a number of governments, including those of Mexico, Columbia, Tunisia and Pakistan, the index identifies multiple deprivations at the household and individual levels in the dimensions of health, education and living standards – all relevant in the context of inclusive social development and the associated policy agenda.

The quality of group childcare settings used by 3-4 year old children in Sure Start Local Programme areas and the relationship with child outcomes

The UK’s Sure Start is set to tackle the cycle of social exclusion and child poverty through improved childcare, early education, health and family support. The programme utilises panel data rather than aggregate cross-sectional data in order to track the progress of the participating children. Doing so enables area-based comparisons of the rates of progress of child development over the years, resulting in the identification of disadvantaged areas and the services in need.

EFA global monitoring report

An example of early-stage interventions comes from Bangladesh, where the importance of targeting children in remote and rural areas in a proactive manner has been understood. A situational analysis identified ten different categories of exclusion-prone children. Based on these findings, the country developed an Action Plan that runs in addition to the traditional educational programs but seeks to enhance the inclusion of such vulnerable populations.

Beyond transition: towards inclusive societies

Cash transfers, conditions, school enrollment, and child work: evidence from a randomized experiment in Ecuador

One of the mechanisms employed for overcoming the gap between provision and uptake is conditional transfers. Imagine a poor family with several school-aged children (there is a potential demand for education), living right across the street from a public school, but not enrolled. Put simply, there is no supply-side limitation (the school exists, including teachers, textbooks etc.) and the (potential) demand exists as well, but they are not coming together.

An exploratory look at public sector innovation in GCC countries

Research into individual innovation cases allows for comparisons and generalisations to be made. In 2011, NESTA in the United Kingdom piloted a survey attempting to identify the most important sources of innovation in the national public sector, targeting members of the National Health Service (NHS) and local government organisations. A similar approach was taken by the EU Innobarometer in 2010 and when the two surveys are compared, a broadly similar distribution of innovation sources was revealed. Through the analysis of individual innovation cases, patterns were identified.

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