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Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2015

The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) is a toolkit to support inclusive policy analysis and design. Adopted by a number of governments, including those of Mexico, Columbia, Tunisia and Pakistan, the index identifies multiple deprivations at the household and individual levels in the dimensions of health, education and living standards – all relevant in the context of inclusive social development and the associated policy agenda.

The quality of group childcare settings used by 3-4 year old children in Sure Start Local Programme areas and the relationship with child outcomes

The UK’s Sure Start is set to tackle the cycle of social exclusion and child poverty through improved childcare, early education, health and family support. The programme utilises panel data rather than aggregate cross-sectional data in order to track the progress of the participating children. Doing so enables area-based comparisons of the rates of progress of child development over the years, resulting in the identification of disadvantaged areas and the services in need.

Social Inclusion through Participation: the Case of the Participatory Budget in São Paulo

Participatory budgeting implemented from 2001 to 2004 in São Paulo, Brazil, is an example of transformative participation. The exercise is a telling in two regards. First, by relying on an affirmative action methodology, it was institutionally designed to encourage and sustain, throughout the entire cycle, the participation of historically disadvantaged groups or segments of the population: Afro-Brazilians, senior citizens, children and adolescents, youth, the LGBT community, women, indigenous groups, the homeless and people with disabilities.

EFA global monitoring report

An example of early-stage interventions comes from Bangladesh, where the importance of targeting children in remote and rural areas in a proactive manner has been understood. A situational analysis identified ten different categories of exclusion-prone children. Based on these findings, the country developed an Action Plan that runs in addition to the traditional educational programs but seeks to enhance the inclusion of such vulnerable populations.

United Nations system- wide action plan on Youth Report

Cash transfers, conditions, school enrollment, and child work: evidence from a randomized experiment in Ecuador

One of the mechanisms employed for overcoming the gap between provision and uptake is conditional transfers. Imagine a poor family with several school-aged children (there is a potential demand for education), living right across the street from a public school, but not enrolled. Put simply, there is no supply-side limitation (the school exists, including teachers, textbooks etc.) and the (potential) demand exists as well, but they are not coming together.

Evaluating the impact of conditional cash transfer programs

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