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Indonesia: Participatory data for policy use

Municipal actors in Indonesia harness participatory data on disability for inclusive policies. The data on disability available from official sources is scarce and often outdated to be effective in planning and policy making. In fact, no universal database regarding persons with disabilities exists in Indonesia, with figures varying across ministries and agencies. In addition, such data is often aggregated at the national level, making it difficult for the municipal policymakers to make use of it for local policy design.

Right to have Personal Health Budgets

Personal health budgets were introduced in England in 2014 (firstly as a pilot scheme) to engage with users of the National Health Service, with long-term conditions and disabilities, and give them greater control, over the healthcare they receive. These personal health budgets seek to place the user at the centre of decision-making and thus allow them to tailor resource allocation to their needs. The user and their healthcare team create a care plan stating their needs, the amount of resources available and their healthcare goals.

Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2015

The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) is a toolkit to support inclusive policy analysis and design. Adopted by a number of governments, including those of Mexico, Columbia, Tunisia and Pakistan, the index identifies multiple deprivations at the household and individual levels in the dimensions of health, education and living standards – all relevant in the context of inclusive social development and the associated policy agenda.

The quality of group childcare settings used by 3-4 year old children in Sure Start Local Programme areas and the relationship with child outcomes

The UK’s Sure Start is set to tackle the cycle of social exclusion and child poverty through improved childcare, early education, health and family support. The programme utilises panel data rather than aggregate cross-sectional data in order to track the progress of the participating children. Doing so enables area-based comparisons of the rates of progress of child development over the years, resulting in the identification of disadvantaged areas and the services in need.

Coordination institutionnelle et socles de protection sociale

Uruguayan Social Cabinet for Intersectoral Coordination is one example of horizontal coordination. The Cabinet is presided by the Ministry of Social Development and brings together the Ministries of Economy and Finance, Education and Culture, Labour and Social Security, Public Health, Tourism and Sport, and Housing, Land Management and the Environment. The structure is tasked with creating and institutionalizing inter-sectoral linkages amongst the aforementioned important central-level bodies.

Social Inclusion through Participation: the Case of the Participatory Budget in São Paulo

Participatory budgeting implemented from 2001 to 2004 in São Paulo, Brazil, is an example of transformative participation. The exercise is a telling in two regards. First, by relying on an affirmative action methodology, it was institutionally designed to encourage and sustain, throughout the entire cycle, the participation of historically disadvantaged groups or segments of the population: Afro-Brazilians, senior citizens, children and adolescents, youth, the LGBT community, women, indigenous groups, the homeless and people with disabilities.

EFA global monitoring report

An example of early-stage interventions comes from Bangladesh, where the importance of targeting children in remote and rural areas in a proactive manner has been understood. A situational analysis identified ten different categories of exclusion-prone children. Based on these findings, the country developed an Action Plan that runs in addition to the traditional educational programs but seeks to enhance the inclusion of such vulnerable populations.

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