Human-Elephant coexistence in the extreme Northern region of Cameroon

Created in 1992, the French Committee of the IUCN is the network of organisms and experts of the International Union for Conservation of Nature in France. It brings together in a unique partnership 2 ministries, 13 public organisms, 41 non-governmental organizations and more than 250 experts grouped in specialized commissions and in thematic working groups. Through this diverse composition, it is a unique platform for dialogue and expertise on biodiversity issues, associating local communities and companies as well. The French Committee of the IUCN has two main missions: provide answers to biodiversity issues in France and bring forward French expertise abroad.

The Small-Scale Initiatives Programme

Since 2006, the Small-Scale Initiatives (SSI) programme, financed by the French Facility for Global Environment (FFEM) and managed by the French Committee of the IUCN, supports civil society’s organizations from Sub-Saharan Africa engaged in the preservation of biodiversity and the fight against climate change by financing small-scale projects. In 10 years, this programme financed 181 projects in 28 countries in Central and Western Africa and in Madagascar.

In the Waza National Park, listed as Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO since 1979, the elephants’ population is estimated, according to the last inventory, to be around 1000 individuals. A large part of these pachyderms migrate outside the protected area thus becoming targets for poaching. During these migrations, elephants also intrude into fields and destroy all crops, leading to conflicts with farmers.

This project contributes to the preservation of elephants’ population in the extreme northern Cameroon and to the promotion of an improved sustainable cohabitation between men and elephants by improving the perception of elephants’ conservation thanks to environmental education for primary schools and populations victim of men-elephants conflicts. The project allows the protection of elephants thanks to uninterrupted monitoring measures during their migrations and by implementing technical solutions adapted to the context of the extreme North to lessen the men-elephants conflicts such as using briquettes of cowpat mixed with chili and the cessation of the production of crops well-liked by elephants (cotton,…).

Main achievements:

  • 5 nature classes “My neighbor the elephant” bringing together 100 people;
  • Implementation of a repulsion method by training and supporting 467 farmers in producing chili-cowpat brick;
  • Creation of 13 village committees supporting the conservation service of the Waza National Park in surveilling the park and dismantling poaching networks getting into the park through their village.


For more information:

Contact :

French Committee of the IUCN
Musée de l'Homme                                                                              
17, place du Trocadéro
75016 PARIS


Level of education: 
Wider public