Building peace in the minds of men and women

Internet Governance Glossary


4.25 Open access

Unrestricted online access to peer-reviewed scholarly research that comes in two degrees: gratis open access, which is free online access, and libre open access, which is free online access plus some additional usage rights.


Additional usage rights are often granted through the use of various specific Creative Commons licenses. Only libre open access is fully compliant with definitions of open access such as the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities.