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Internet Governance Glossary


4.14 Data protection

Legal mechanism that ensures privacy and refers to the relationship between collection and dissemination of data, technology, the public expectation of privacy, and the legal and political issues surrounding them.


The challenge in data protection is to share data while protecting personally identifiable information from a wide range of sources, such as:

  • Healthcare records
  • Criminal justice investigations and proceedings
  • Financial institutions and transactions
  • Biological traits, such as genetic material
  • Residence and geographic records
  • Ethnicity
  • Privacy breach
  • Location-based service and geolocation.