“Protection, conservation and using of geological heritage for sustainable tourism and environmental education.”
Celebrating Earth Heritage
Holy Cross Mountains Geopark is located in Poland, specifically in the western part of Świętokrzyskie Voivodship (from administrative point of view) and Świętokrzyskie (Holy) Cross Mountains (from geologically and geographically point of view).
The most important geological features of the Geopark are as follows:
- Outcrops of interesting geological formations of middle and upper devonian limestones
- Outcrops of tectonical forms representing Caledonian, Variscan and Alpine movements
- Hydrothermal veins with calcite barite galena mineralization and deposit of copper ore
- Numerous remnants of historical mining and quarrying document history of human activity within the nature
- Numerous kars forms representing Permian-Triassic and Cenozoic terrestrial periods
- Apparent relation between geological structures and morphology - structural morphology
- Rocky forms, limestone crags on hill ridges.
© Szymon Pawlak
Sustaining local communities
The Geopark area is distinguised by exceptional geodiversity. Abiotic components of nature are remarkably conscpicuous and diverse there, and intermingled with biotic components and cultural artifacts. Actually, lithospheric features shaping incomprable landscape were the main factors decisive for the designation of geopark boundaries. Geomorphological structure is dominated by denudation ridges and hummocks contrasting with the usually modest elevation. The complicated geology and geomorphology are accompanied by vegetation among which dry-ground forests and xerothermic communities with numerous legally protected plants, prevail in the landscape of the Geopark.
The main part of the Geopark name refers to the name of the Świętokrzyskie (Holy Cross) Mountains. This, in turn, derives from an important historical event that was the creation of the Benedictine abbey in Łysa Góra (the second highest mountain peak of the Świętokrzyskie Mountains in the central part of the mountains–beyond the Geopark) and bring back to the abbey by the Benedictines the relics of the Holy Cross. The cult that surrounded them made Łysa Góra, which until the 11th century was the center of pagan worship, the most important pilgrimage place in Poland and began to function under the name of the Holy Cross. Hence the historically conditioned names: Świętokrzyskie Mountains, Świętokrzyskie Region and Świętokrzyskie Voivodship.
- UNESCO Global Geopark Designated Year: 2021
- Localisation: 50°55'10.45"N'', 20°43'15.71"E
- Area: 526 km2
- Tel: +48 41 367 68 00
- Holy Cross Mts. Geopark's Information Center, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Postal address: Daleszycka St. 21 25-202 Kielce, Poland
- Michał Poros, e-mai: email@example.com
- Witold Wesołowski, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org