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2020 GEM Report - Inclusion and education

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Credit: Jenny Matthews/Panos

Graph of the week

In many low- and middle-income countries too few children benefit from early childhood education – and the poorest suffer from high levels of exclusion

Among low- and middle-income countries where fewer than two in three children attend organized learning one year before the official primary entry age, the average participation gap between the richest and the poorest 20% is 48 percentage points. It exceeds 60 percentage points in Benin, Cameroon, Mali, Nigeria and Pakistan, while it reaches the highest level in North Macedonia, where 91% of the richest but just 12% of the poorest benefitted from organized learning opportunities in 2019.

Statistics of the month

These statistics are taken from GEM Report materials.



fall in aid to education

due to COVID-19 by 2022

1/5of countries

demonstrate a strong level of commitment to equity in education through their finance policies



designed learning materials for speakers of minority languages or provided additional support to poorer households in the Eurasia region