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2021/2 GEM Report - Non-state actors in education

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Credit: Joris Vens/Super Formosa Photography

Graph of the week

Gender gaps in enrolment have shrunk in the past 20 years

Over the past 20 years, gender gaps in enrolment and attendance have been declining. Globally, the male-female gender gap in out-of-school rates is close to zero in all three levels of education, although regions have progressed at different rates.

Statistics of the month

These statistics are taken from GEM Report materials.



of total education spending

is covered by households in low- and lower-middle-income countries

¾of people

in 34 middle- and high-income countries would prefer more public spending on education


of families

borrow to pay for education in low-income countries