Theft, looting and illicit trafficking of cultural property is a crime. It deprives people of their history and culture, it weakens social cohesion in the long term. It fuels organized crime and contributes to the financing of terrorism.
UNECO works to provide a clear and strong response to stem this scourge.
Since its founding, UNESCO has been developing benchmark legal instruments, including the 1970 Convention - the culmination of a long process of reflection on the fight against the illicit traffic of cultural property. It is a collective duty to act against the illicit trafficking of cultural property and to protect cultural heritage.