Lumbini, the birthplace of the Lord Buddha, in Nepal was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1997. The spiritual and the archaeological remains prove Lumbini to be the birthplace of Buddha. Lumbini has been a holy pilgrimage site for thousands of years and is of global significance. Two sites closely related to Buddha’s life are Ramagrama, the only relic stupa not opened by Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BC, and Tilaurakot, the archaeological remains of the ancient Shakya Kingdom where Lord Buddha lived until the age of 29. These were included in the Tentative List for World Heritage Properties of Nepal in 1996. As an ensemble, these sites are emblematic landmarks in the Greater Lumbini Area which bears testimonies and development are important not only for Nepal but for Buddhist communities worldwide.
UNESCO is implementing the Japan-funded project for the conservation and management of Lumbini, in collaboration with the Department of Archaeology and the Lumbini Development Trust. Previous two phases of the project which started in 2010 have achieved a number of significant results.
Started in 2018, this third phase of the project Strengthening the Conservation and Management of Lumbini, the Birthplace of Lord Buddha, World Heritage Property (Phase III) will enable the national authorities to gain more understanding of the ancient Tilaurakot and the GLA. Japan provided USD 641,284 for this project.
“The results of the geophysical survey and excavations have presented the most comprehensive plan of an Early Historic city in South Asia, and have uncovered a monumental walled palatial complex at the centre of Tilaurakot-Kapilavastu.”
Towards a sustainable Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha
- The project will focus on archaeological research and conservation of Tilaurakot, the archaeological remains of the capital city of Shakya Kingdom and the Greater Lumbini Area
- Preparing for the World Heritage nomination process of the site.