The April and May 2015 earthquakes had devastating impacts on Nepal’s unique cultural heritage. In the Kathmandu Valley, more than thousand heritage structures were damaged and 133 totally collapsed. Whereas, 140 were affected within the Kathmandu Valley World Heritage Site.
Immediately after the earthquake, the UNESCO Kathmandu Office jointly with the Department of Archaeology played a key role in rehabilitating its vibrant cultural sector, tangible and intangible heritage, as well as crafts and cultural industries.
Initiated in 2016, the project was designed to achieve the desired state of conservation of the monuments and sites of the Kathmandu Valley World Heritage property which suffered extensive damage.
By working with the Department of Archaeology and the local communities, and with funds from the Hainan Province Cihang Foundation, UNESCO has been able to strategize effective restoration plans which prioritise cultural sustainability within the region. This includes not just emergency assistance to rebuild World Heritage Sites and support to develop a heritage inventory system, but also capacity training for local professionals. These actions support socio-economic growth, protect valuable cultural property, and promote tourism. Priority interventions included sensitive removal of debris, emergency consolidation of monuments at risk of collapse, support to ensure acceptable approaches and procedures to conservation, restoration and rebuilding of damaged heritage sites and monuments with earthquake resilient strengthening features, initiating a systematic database of cultural heritage, and pilot restoration projects at Swayambhu World Heritage Site, Teku and Sankhu Tentative List Site.
We are proud that our years-old heritage restored now and we are happy to continue all the rituals related to the Mangal Bahudwar Stupa in Swayambhu
Rebulding of the Mangalbahudwar Stupa (Tashi Gomang Stupa)
- Rehabilitation and restoration of the monuments and sites of the Kathmandu Valley that suffered extensive damage by the 2015 earthquakes
- Protection of displaced artistic elements, statues, carved wooden beams, paintings, votive objects and other architectural features, as well as undertaking necessary conservation measures in order to reuse them as much as possible in the rebuilding phase
- Capacity building of national institutions and craftspeople through provision of on-the-job training and in using traditional technologies in rebuilding heritage
- Providing support to ensure acceptable approaches and procedures to conservation, restoration and rebuilding of damaged heritage sites and monuments with earthquake resilient strengthening features
- Building a systematic database for cultural heritage in collaboration with the Department of Archaeology