Education 2030 in Brazil

© UNESCO

UNESCO actively helped to frame the Education 2030 agenda which is encapsulated in SDG 4. The Incheon Declaration, adopted at the World Education Forum in Korea in May 2015, entrusted UNESCO to lead and coordinate Education 2030 through guidance and technical support within the overall SDG agenda.

Looking beyond 2015 – the deadline set by the international community to achieve the EFA goals - UNESCO is also monitoring developments in education more broadly through research and by prompting international debates.

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Ensuring Inclusive and Equitable Quality Education

In 2015, the international community discussed global efforts for emphasizing the importance of education to achieve sustainable development, stressing the importance of education to ensure a sustainable future for all. Thus, the community established 17 Sustainable Development Objectives (SDGs). The SDGs comprise the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

The SDGs and targets aim to stimulate action over the next fifteen years in the Five Ps of critical importance:

  1. People
  2. Planet
  3. Prosperity
  4. Peace 
  5. Partnership 

Gathered at the World Education Forum in South Korea in 2015, the education community defined the Incheon Declaration, which is their commitment  to the UN Sustainable Development Goal for education (SDG 4): “Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.”

Besides, the Declaration established the Education 2030 agenda, which entrusted UNESCO to lead, coordinate, and be the focal point for education within the overall SDG coordination. The Education 2030 Framework for Action outlines how to translate into practice the commitments made at Incheon at the country, regional, and global levels and guides implementing Education 2030.

SDG 4 reflects the critical role of education by encapsulating targets in a stand-alone goal (Goal 4). In other words, education is also included in other SDGs related to health, growth, and employment, production, among others.

Global Education Monitoring Report (GEM Report)

The Global Education Monitoring Report (the GEM Report, formerly known as the Education for All Global Monitoring Report) is an editorially independent, authoritative and evidence-based annual report published by UNESCO. Its mandate is to monitor progress towards the education targets in the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) framework. The substance of the GEM Report is developed and its quality assured by an experienced team under the leadership of the GEM Report Director.

The GEM Report is a singular, comprehensive, analytical, and authoritative reference for the global follow-up and review of education. With 12 reports produced since 2002, the Report has acquired extensive experience in monitoring and policy analysis and a worldwide reputation for excellence, covering themes ranging from inequality, gender and teaching, and learning to conflict, literacy, and early childhood care and education. 

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