Reforming TVET in Iraq

Project name :

Reforming Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Iraq

Location :

Iraq
UNESCO Iraq, working in partnership with government and the private sector, is implementing a Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) reform project funded by the European Union. The initiative aims to support the establishment of an open, stable, and sustainable society, based on a diversified and growing market economy that generates employment, reduces poverty, and promotes equitable economic and social development.

UNESCO Iraq, working in partnership with government and the private sector, is implementing a Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) reform project funded by the European Union.

The TVET Reform Project is working on four objectives, the first of these is:

Revised TVET governance model operationalized and quality system improved

In Iraq, three line ministries have the primary responsibility for TVET:

  • the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA)
  • the Ministry of Education (MoE)
  • the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MoHESR).

In addition to the role of the Federal authorities TVET is also the responsibility of the Kurdistan Regional Government’s line ministries and certain powers and functions have been decentralised to governorate level. These complex arrangements, couple with the need to place employers at the heart of the system, calls a more coordinated approach to the planning and management of TVET in order that TVET is:

  • recognised international and locally, by employers, learners and their families
  • increasingly meets international standards for the quality teaching and learning
  • responds to the demands of the labour market
  • accessible all groups of people
  • Joined-up and leads to employment and opportunities for lifelong learning.

To this extent, the TVET Reform Project is supporting new governance arrangements through legislation (the TVET Law), developing a Road Map for Transition to these new governance arrangements as well as piloting and testing parts of the new system such a Technical and Vocational Qualifications Framework (TVQF) and Quality Assurance and Accreditation System.

 

TVET Law

As part of its work on governance, the TVET Reform Project is supporting government in the development and establishment of a TVET Law. The TVET Law will place employers at the heart of the system, and will support a coordinated approach to the planning and management of TVET across the TVET line ministries and at difference levels of administrative responsibility.

The TVET Law has been developed though an intensive consultative processes lasting many months and involving numerous stakeholder.

Now in its 7th draft, the Law has been reviewed by the Shura Council, the Council of Ministers, the Ministries of Finance and Planning, the concerned line ministries and representatives of business. It has been the subject of legal review and review by TVET experts. The final step, leading to its enactment, is the approval by the House of Representatives which is anticipated a part of the legislative programme of the newly formed government.

The TVET law will establish a new TVET coordinating body called the National TVET Council. The National TVET Council will report to the Council of Ministers. The TVET Board will be comprised of representative of the key line ministries and representatives of the private sector.

The TVET board will be responsible for maintaining TVET strategy and plans; determining and maintaining standards and monitoring implementation. This work will be develop and operationalise through a number of departments or units, including:

  • National observatory department – monitoring the demands for skills in the labour market
  • Qualifications department – maintaining the Technical and Vocational Qualifications Framework, registering qualifications and determining National Occupational Standards
  • Qualifying, training, and research and development department – planning, supporting and monitoring the supply of skills (training provision)
  • Quality assurance and accreditation department – setting and monitoring standards for TVET institutions, programmes and delivery
  • TVET financing fund – channelling financial support in respect to the National TVET Council’s plans
  • Public relations and media division – promoting and raising awareness and visibility of the TVET sector.

Reform Roadmap

As part of its work on governance, the TVET Reform Project is supporting government in the development and establishment of a TVET Law. The TVET Law will place employers at the heart of the system, and will support a coordinated approach to the planning and management of TVET across the TVET line ministries and at difference levels of administrative responsibility.

TVET Law will bring into being a new National TVET Council with a range of coordination, planning, regulatory and funding functions and responsibilities that will be executed by departments and units within its structure. When the new law is enacted a significant change programme will be required to ensure the establishment of the National TVET Council and its departments goes smoothly and that it can go about its important business seamlessly.

For the last year, UNESCO has been working closely with the Inter-ministerial Working Group (IMWG) to develop a Road Map for transition to the new body. This work has entailed many hours input during several workshops and deliberations to define the detail roles, responsibilities, budgets and staffing needs of the new body and its departments. This work will be concluded in December, once the draft Road Map is “road-tested” during a three-day simulation exercise.

The Road Map also includes details of the Annual Planning Cycle for the National TVET Council – setting out the key events in the organisation’s calendar and how these relates to the wider duties and timeframes of government.