The Petra Archaeological Park was inscribed in the World Heritage List in 1985, at a time when having a management strategy in place was not considered a compulsory requirement of inscription. Since this time and despite numerous attempts, a legally endorsed site management plan for the property has not yet been formally established.
The need for a comprehensive management plan "building on previous documents and ensuring synergies with existing planning initiatives" has been a priority action for the past decade and was officially reiterated at the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee (Phnom Penh, 2013). Although recent efforts resulted in the elaboration of a number of management documents, the preparation of a comprehensive management plan was left unimplemented.
In the framework of the specialized technical assistance provided by UNESCO to the national authorities for the implementation of the World Heritage Convention and in response to the requests by the World Heritage Centre, the UNESCO Amman office has engaged in the elaboration of an Integrated Management Plan for the site. In full coordination with the Petra Archaeological Park and the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, the process began in mid-2015 with the preparation of a Road Map document and continued through 2016 with the thorough development of the Plan, which is scheduled to be completed in 2019.
The final work aims at producing a practical operational guide providing the means for establishing an appropriate balance between the needs of cultural and natural resources, conservation, tourism, access, sustainable economic development and the interests of the local community.