Education for Girls and Women in Ghana

Project name :

UNESCO-HNA Partnership for Girls’ and Women’s Education in Ghana

Project duration :

01-01-2016

Location :

Ghana
This programme is to increase the opportunity for adolescent girls to complete quality basic and secondary education in Ghana.

Background

Many gender issues remain unresolved in Ghana, especially those that adversely affect girls’ access to, participation and completion of quality education beyond the basic school level. These challenges include the continuous existence of inimical socio-cultural beliefs and practices and discriminatory practices in schools: many teachers in Ghana have been socialized in cultures so that they either look down on women in general or on girls in particular. Roles and expectations of individuals in many Ghanaian communities are strictly gender-stereotyped. School infrastructure and amenities hardly take girls’ needs and interests into consideration. Some teachers, in their classroom practices, unconsciously perpetuate the wrong cultural notion that girls are inferior. Consequently, female pupils are cowed into low self-esteem and passivity in the classroom. Other factors include child fosterage, early marriage, teenage pregnancy, and parental neglect. These practices significantly contribute to high dropout rates for girls, especially in upper primary school level.

This programme is to increase the opportunity for adolescent girls to complete quality basic and secondary education in Ghana.

Delivery

This programme consists of three major components:

  • Component 1: Strengthen the Girls Education Unit (GEU) of Ghana Education Service’s strategy to coordinate girls’ education interventions in the pre-tertiary education level;
  • Component 2: Strengthen the technical capacity of GEU staff to effectively carry out their mandate
  • Component 3: Increase the participation of girls in science related courses in selected secondary schools

Expected results:

  • Key issues militating against effective coordination of girls’ education initiatives identified, and remedial actions proposed;
  • GEU Programme strategy developed and implemented;
  • Improved technical competency of GEU staff at all levels;
  • Improved output of GEU staff at all levels;
  • Increased number of girls opt for science related courses in their final examinations in selected secondary schools

Key Activities:

  • Conduct capacity assessment of the GEU;
  • Support the GEU to develop a Girls Education strategy document
  • Support the GEU staff to participate in various training programmes,
  • Undertake a quick baseline survey on the number of girls who opted for science related courses in SHS in selected schools/districts
  • Support the GEU to organise STEM clinics in selected schools

Funded by: UNESCO and HNA Group of China

Achievements (To Time)

The key results achieved so far point to a long-term impact of this intervention. A capacity assessment of the Girls Education Unit (GEU) of the Ghana Education Service (GES) has led to the development of a Girls’ Education Strategy to enable the GEU provide strategic direction to all actors in the girls education space in Ghana. Other results include;

  • provision of technical support to the Ministry of Education (MOE) resulting in the development of a Gender in Education Policy, and Guidelines on Pregnancy and Schooling;
  • Improved technical capacity of 150 Girls Education Officers (145 women and 5 men);

1,350 girls and 50 boys from primary and junior high schools in three districts have acquired more knowledge in Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) through participation in biannual STEM Clinics.