International Symposium on Religions, Identities, Practices and Plural Perspectives
On the occasion of World Philosophy Day 2018, the 2nd International Symposium on "Religions, Identities, Practices and Plural Perspectives" will be held in Fez, on 16 and 17 November 2018, at the Faculty of Humanities and Letters Dhar El-Mehraz.
This international symposium is organized by the Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah-Fes University (Morocco), the International University of Rabat (Morocco), the Sociology of Social Development Laboratory of the Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences Dhar El Mehraz-Fes (Morocco), the Laboratory of Political Studies and Humanities and Social Sciences of the International University of Rabat (Morocco), the UNESCO Chair in Studies of the Philosophical Foundations of Justice and Democratic Society (Canada), the Center Expertise and Training on Religious Fundamentalism and Radicalization (Canada), Edouard Montpetit-Montreal College (Canada), Montreal International Studies Institute (Canada).
Nowadays, religion is practiced and perceived by believers and non-believers in the plural sense. Since the advent of modernity and the expansion of capitalism with its colonial movements, interactions have multiplied between human groups, peoples and civilizations. These contexts allowed the discovery of communities and peoples with their own religious beliefs, rites and representations. Such discovery led to either curiosity and / or the thirst for knowing and understanding the religion of others and their beliefs, or a disdainful look at the religion of others, particularly in the work of the orientalists and in the approaches social sciences based on colonialist aims and ethnocentric judgments that mask the diversities, variations and differences in peoples' ways of life, their religiosities and their relation to the sacred.
The era of globalization implied a homogenization of lifestyles, a plurality of worldviews and the diversity of factors inherent in the sacred. The rapidity of economic and symbolic exchanges has allowed the emergence of several "offers" of different religions, whether they are monotheistic or not, which are seen as an offer plural to its customers. Although this plurality is perceived by some as the source of an enrichment of the sacred and an enlargement of the circles of beliefs, it is also used by other adepts to mark the superiority of one religion over another. the elimination of the other different and sometimes the use of violence to ensure its sustainability, which leads to all forms of identity withdrawal, fundamentalism and violence.
The global and plural mapping of religions is consistent with key trends, facts and transformations, namely: Open or closed identities? Dialogue or conflict of religions? Tolerance or violence of religions? Faith or practice? Moderate ways or violent radicalisms? This mapping is an essential matrix in the production of multiple conceptions, approaches and outcomes in the social sciences.
Part of this symposium on Religion and Identity will be broadcast live at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris as part of the events scheduled for Friday, 16 November, from 15:00 to 17:00. In order to affirm the global nature of this Day, a video link will work throughout the day, linking time zones to various UNESCO field offices hosting events related to Philosophy.