Rome is the capital of Italy, whose historical centre was first designated a World Heritage property in 1980 and extended in 1990. The Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura is a transnational World Heritage property, involving both Italy and the Holy See. The city’s history spans more than two and a half thousand years, forming a complex overlapping of influences in its built landscape. Rome demonstrates the coexistence of high touristic value, archaeological heritage and the reuse of vestiges of the past as a way of creating new urban spaces and structures that strengthen the city's deep-rooted identity.
Rome’s Testaccio district - the ancient fluvial harbour of the city - was the object of a project led by heritage managers and urban planners to excavate the site and create a covered market building. As a result of the excavation that revealed archaeological material at the site, architects, archaeologists and the municipality worked in cooperation to establish an underground museum in the new market building. The project further catalysed the development of a mixed-use area, by opening up public accessibility to the archaeological site and creating facilities for students living in the district.
Source: IUAV, report for Study Area 3