The provision on preferential treatment for developing countries (Article 16) is known to be one the most binding and powerful of the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2005). The goal of preferential treatment measures is to facilitate the mobility and exchange of artists and cultural professionals from the global South, through, for example, simplified procedures for visas or lower visa costs.
The Global Report series monitors the implementation of the 2005 Convention and provides new and valuable evidence to inform cultural policy making and advance creativity for development. The 2018 edition examines how the 2005 Convention has inspired policy change at the global and country level and puts forward a set of policy recommendations for the future, addressing the adaptation of cultural policies to rapid change in the digital environment, based on human rights and fundamental freedoms of expression.
Today, the cultural and creative industries generate annual global revenues of US$2,250 billion and exports of over US$250 billion. These sectors, which currently provide nearly 30 million jobs worldwide and employ more people aged 15−29 than any other sector, can even make up to 10% of GDP in some countries. The creative economy, constituted by these sectors, has thus become a major driver of trade strategies in developed and developing countries alike.
This publication provides the basic texts of the 2005 Convention, including the Operational Guidelines, the Rules of Procedure of the Conference of Parties, the Rules of Procedure of the Intergovernmental Committee and the Financial Regulations of the Special Account for the International Fund for Cultural Diversity.
The 2005 Convention Monitoring Framework is a dynamic tool that informs policy making on creativity for development. It determines a set of expected results, indicators and means of verification to assess progress and challenges over time. In guiding the collection of data and information, it also provides evidence for the implementation of relevant United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.
The 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions calls for the establishment of sustainable systems of governance for culture that are based on informed, participatory and transparent policy processes. Since 2014, UNESCO has been running a capacity development programme on policy monitoring, supported by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida).
Through the Korea Funds-In-Trust (K-Fit) for the Development of Creative Industries, many developing countries have been supported in their efforts to invest in new contemporary creative areas, such as film and visual arts. It has also brought a new impetus to networking and regional cooperation opportunities, marked by the organization, in June 2018, of a landmark meeting of professionals and public officials to discuss the future of cultural policy in the Asia‑Pacific region.
The International Fund for Cultural Diversity, IFCD, supports the implementation of the UNESCO 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and the emergence of dynamic cultural sectors in developing countries by strengthening the means to create, produce, distribute and access cultural goods and services.
The 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions is an international treaty that provides a policy framework for the governance of culture. This Convention recognizes the distinctive nature of culture as an important contributor to economic and social development and ensures that artists, creative professionals, practitioners and citizens worldwide can create, produce, disseminate and enjoy a broad range of creative goods, services and activities, including their own.
The 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions contains various mandatory requirements. Article 16 is one of the most powerful ones.