USE OF DIGITIZATION TO PROTECT AND PROMOTE LITERATURE AND CULTURAL WORKS

Where
Indonesia
When
2016
Who
Ministry of Education and Culture for implementation of the Minister of National Education Regulation No. 2 of 2008 on Books
The National Library of Indonesia for matters related to libraries
Coordinating Ministry for People’s Welfare for the WEP project
Key objectives of the measure:

As part of the global society, Indonesia has acknowledged the wide use of digitization technology for the protection and promotion of various cultural expressions around the world. Up to this point, the Government has mostly been involved in the use of digitization technology for Indonesian literature and cultural works:

  • to preserve rare collections;
  • to provide platforms that support accessibility and promotion; and
  • to build databases.
Scope of the measure:
International
Nature of the measure:
institutional
Main feature of the measure:

The most significant government involvement related to the use of digitization technology in recent years has been the passing of the Minister of National Education Regulation No. 2 of 2008 on Books. In general, this regulation allows the Government to buy copyrights of textbooks then grant free public access for personal use of the textbooks, including to download and print.

The Government has also been in support of efforts by the National Library of Indonesia (NLI) in utilizing the digitization technology. First, the NLI has operated four units of e‐Mobile libraries since 2006, which serve schools and prisons surrounding Jakarta. Then, in 2015, the NLI developed its own website, which has provided access to:

  • the On-line Public Access Catalog;
  • the Indonesia One Search application that currently stores almost 5 million records from 300 institutions;
  • national literature and cultural works from 2 Presidential Libraries, 33 Provincial Libraries, and 355 District Libraries, including e-books, e-journals, cartographies, microfiches, monographs, on-line magazines, and musical and film archives; and
  • international literature through subscriptions to about 10 thousand e-book titles and 30 e-journal subjects. 

Another beneficiary of the digitization technology is the wayang kulit (shadow puppets) industry, which has gained support from the Government, as well as other stakeholders, for using the technology to improve the inventory, creation, promotion, and distribution of books and films of both traditional and contemporary forms of wayang kulit, mainly through the Wayang Educational Package (WEP) project.

Results expected through the implementation of the measure:

Specific expected results were not available at the time of writing this report.

Financial resources allocated to implement the measure:

State Budget, although exact numbers were not available during information collection.

Main conclusions of the evaluation of the measure:

Specific evaluation results were not available at the time of writing this report

Indicators used to determine impact:
Specific evaluation results were not available at the time of writing this report
Goal(s) of UNESCO's 2005 Convention
Cultural Domain(s)
Cinema/ Audiovisual Arts
Music
Publishing
Cultural Value Chain
Distribution